The Crusades The crusades were military expeditions launched against the Muslims by the Christians in an attempt to regain the Holy Land. They took place between 1095 A.D. and 1270 A.D. It was one of the most violent periods in the history of mankind. The starting point of the crusades was on November 18, 1095 A.D. when Pope Urban II opened the Council of Clermont. On November 27, outside the French city of Clermont-Ferrand, the Pope made an important speech . He called upon everyone to help th
The European Renaissance The Renaissance was a period of European history, considered by modern scholars as that between 1300 and 1600. Many dramatic changes happend during the Renaissance. The Renaissance was a period of new inventions and beliefs. The Renaissance was drastically different from the Middle Ages. During the Middle Ages the church held most of the power and it's economy was agriculturaly based. Exploration and learning was almost put to a stop. During the Renaissance society was
18th Century European Enlightenment The Enlightenment is a name given by historians to an intellectual movement that was predominant in the Western world during the 18th century. Strongly influenced by the rise of modern science and by the aftermath of the long religious conflict that followed the Reformation, the thinkers of the Enlightenment (called philosophes in France) were committed to secular views based on reason or human underezding only, which they hoped would provide a basis for bene
Political Effects of the Renaissance History has shown us how civilizations evolve over time. Broadly interpreted, the age of Diocletian marked a decisive stage in the transition from the classical, the Greco-Roman, civilization of the ancient Roman Empire to the Christian-Germanic civilization of the early Middle Ages. Similarly interpreted, "the age of the Renaissance marked the transition from the civilization of the Middle Ages to the modern world"(Ferguson 1). Therefore, the Renaissance is
The Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 As with any conflict or controversy there are always two sides to the debate, and the events in India during 1857 are certainly no exception. Given the situation in India during the nineteenth century it is hardly surprising that such a polarisation of opinion exists regarding the context of the rebellious events during that year. The British being in control of the subcontinent and their sense of superiority over their Indian subjects, would naturally seek to downplay
Rise of Superpowers After WWII It is often wondered how the superpowers achieved their position of dominance. It seems that the maturing of the two superpowers, Russia and the United States, can be traced to World War II. To be a superpower, a nation needs to have a strong economy, an overpowering military, immense international political power and, related to this, a strong national ideology. It was this war, and its results, that caused each of these superpowers to experience such a preponder
Biography of Henry Ford Henry Ford was one of the most brilliant entrepreneurs in creating the automobile assembly line, it was his controversial characteristics and unorthodox approach towards administrating the Ford Motor Company which resulted in the conglomeration of one of the most successful corporations in the world. At the turn of the century everything was booming! The growth of the economy and stock market increased the job opportunities as well as morals. As a result of this industri
The New Age After the 1500s After 1500 there were many signs that a new age of world history was beginning, for example the discovery of America and the first European enterprises in Asia. This "new age" was dominated by the astonishing success of one civilization among many, that of Europe. There was more and more continuous interconnection between events in all countries, but it is to be explained by European efforts. Europeans eventually became "masters of the globe" and they used their mast
Comparison of Trade Rivalries The German-Great Britain trade rivalry like the U.S.-Japan trade rivalry involved a rising power cutting into the trade of an already dominant trading power. There were several causes of the German-Great Britain trade rivalry according to Hoffman. The first was German's industry's zeal in procuring new contracts and expanding markets. They did this by fulfilling contracts even if they were very small and coneztly trying to stay up with market demand. Second, German
The 1930?s: The Good Times and The Bad Times The decade of the 1930?s can be characterized in two parts: The Great Depression, and the restoration of the American economy. America had been completely destroyed due to the Stock Market Crash of 1929. It was up to the government and people of the 1930?s to "mend" America?s wounds. One man stood up to this challenge, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He promised to fix the American economy, provide jobs, and help the needy. During The Great Depression, th
Economic View of Slavery Slavery was caused by economic factors of the english settlers in the late 17th century. Colonists continually tried to allure laborers to the colony. The headright system was to give the indentured servant, a method of becoming independent after a number of years of service. Slavery was caused by economic reasons. Colonists chiefly relied on Indentured Servitude, inorder to facilitate their need for labor. The decreasing population combined with a need for a labor forc
World War II In the early morning hours of September 1, 1939, the German armies marched into Poland. On September 3 the British and French surprised Hitler by declaring war on Germany, but they had no plans for rendering active assistance to the Poles. The Battle of Britain In the summer of 1940, Hitler dominated Europe from the North Cape to the Pyrenees. His one remaining active enemy?Britain, under a new prime minister, Winston Churchill?vowed to continue fighting. Whether it could was quest
Glenn Miller and the Swing/Big Band Era Glenn Miller led the most popular big band in the world during 1939-42 and the most beloved of all the swing-era orchestras. His big band played a wide variety of melodic music and had tremendous success in every area of music. He was with the group for two years, and put together an enjoyable and well-rounded show. Glenn Miller was a man who influenced bands greatly for years. Alton Glenn Miller was born on March 1, 1904 in Clarinda Iowa. His family had
Causes of the American Revolution How England Instigated The American Revolution Soon after England established the colonies in the New World, it began a period of salutary neglect. The English rarely intervened with colonial business. It was during this time that the colonies began gradually to think and act independently of England. This scared England, and initiated a period in which they became more involved in the colony's growth. Parliament tried to establish power in the New World by iss
THE TREATY OF WAITANGI Her Majesty Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland regarding with Her Royal Favour the Native Chiefs and Tribes of New Zealand and anxious to protect their just Rights and Property and to secure to them the enjoyment of Peace and Good Order has deemed it necessary in consequence of the great number of Her Majesty's Subjects who have already settled in New Zealand and the rapid extension of Emigration both from Europe and Australia which is still
Vikings Some of the very first people to explore North America would have to be the Vikings. The Vikings were an adventurous lot, sailing the oceans in there ornately crafted longships. They frequently invaded many neighboring countries and islands. The actions of the Vikings shaped and changed many countries of the Europe. They invaded almost every western country of their time. England, Ireland, France, Spain, Russia, Greece, Arabia, And Africa all felt the impact of these marauders. The Viki
100 Years of History CURRENT EVENTS: 1945-1996 1945 On April 12 Harry S. Truman became President of the United States of America., In Washington, D.C. On August 6 at 9:15 a.m. US fighter planes dropped an Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima Japan. In Berlin, Germany on April 30, Adolf Hitler was found dead, Hitler committed suicide. 1946 On October 16 in Nurenburg, 9 Nazi war criminals were hanged for the crimes during WW II. On April 25 Big Four Ministers met in Paris to finalize a treaty with Germany, t
Government in India, Today India's present constitution went into effect on Jan. 26, 1950. At that time, the nation changed its status from a dominion to a federal republic, though it remained within the Commonwealth. A president, chosen by an Electoral College replaced the governor-general, appointed by the British Crown. The president is the official chief of state, but the office is largely ceremonial. In parliamentary government, the people in a country elect members of at least one house o
The Dominican Republic The Dominican Republic is one of the many Spanish speaking countries in the world. The Dominican Republic, republic of the West Indies, compromising the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola. The word Dominican Republic in Spanish means Republica Dominicana. The capitol of the Dominican Republic is Santo Domingo. The population of the Dominican Republic is of mixed Spanish and black-African descent. The society is about sixty five percent urban. The population of
ATHENS THE ANCIENT CITY OF ATHENS is a photographic archive of the archaeological and architectural remains of ancientAthens (Greece). It is intended primarily as a resource for students of classical languages, civilization, art, archaeology, andhistory at Indiana University who may wish to take a "virtual tour" of the chief excavated regions and extant monuments. Wealso hope that this site will be useful to all who have an interest in archaeological exploration and the recovery, interpretation,
Star Wars : A New Hope The dramatic war-like classic of a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, it is Star Wars. The reason most people go to see it is because of the THX digitally mastered sound, the new visual effects, the superb acting, but most of all the all important theme, without which, Star Wars would not be half the film that it is. But now, it has launched Lucasfilm Ltd. into a new era and taken all the world with it. When Star Wars was first made in 1977, nobody expected it to be
Japanese Management Abstract As we know, Japan?s economy, situation, and condition was totally destroyed during the World War II. But surpassingly, Japan now become one of the powerful countries in the world especially in the economic in only took for less than fifty years. This the reason why I choose this topic. In this Paper we will look at how are the Japanese managing their company that is one of the key of their success in the business. Also I will comparing the Japanese way with what the
Keynesian Theory and the New Deal The crash of the stock market brought many hard times. Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal was a way to fix these times. John Stuart Mill and John Maynard Keynes were two economists whose economic theories greatly influenced and helped Franklin D. Roosevelt devise a plan to rescue the United States from the Great Depression it had fallen into. John Stuart Mill was a strong believer of expanded government, which the New Deal provided. John Maynard Keynes believed i
The Travel Frank and Phil were two very smart kids. Very expensive colleges accepted them in 6th grade, they would have gave them a full ride also. Then one day they thought up this great idea to accomplish. It was to build a time machine. So the next couple days they thought up plans to build this great machine. That was three years ago. Now they are in 9th grade and they are still working on it. Hopefully they will have it done in the next couple months. But if they get it done it will still
Feminist Ctiticism in "The Yellow Wallpaper" Charlotte Perkins Gilmans "The Yellow Wallpaper" has been interpreted in many ways over the years. Modernist critics have applied depth psychology to the story and written about the symbolism of sexual repression in the nursery bars, the chained-down bed, and the wallpaper. Genre critics have discussed the story as an example of supernatural gothic fiction, in which a ghost actually haunts the narrator. But most importantly, feminist critics discovere
The Oxford English Dictionary defines forgiveness as ?to grant free pardon and to give up all claim on account of an offence or debt?. I find forgiveness to be the act of finding inner peace for the mistakes you have made, but it must never be forgotten and used as a learning tool. In ?The Sunflower?, Simon Wiesenthal confronts us, the reader, with a dilemma that has been plaguing him since the 1940?s. Simon Wiesenthal describes a German SS man who killed and tortured innocent Germans, wishes to
As human beings each and every one of us wants to love and be loved by someone in life. Love is the word that especially surrounds us every year around the middle of February. This kind of love is what the Greeks would call eros or the romantic love. In the English language there is only one word to describe that warm emotional feeling in your heart which may tend to bring confusion at times; however the Greeks had at least four different words to depict love, each meaning something a little bi
TK Professor English 200 13 November 2009 Several of William Shakespeare?s plays have been turned into films over the years. Some directors and writers try to capture the true spirit of Shakespeare?s words and portray the meanings and intentions of his words as they were meant to be read. Other, try to put a twist on the plays by changing the setting, or modernizing the script. Michael Hoffman, however, does an excellent job of combining the two; modernizing a brilliant play while keeping it aut
The Constants of Dutch Foreign Policy Peace, Profits and Principles is the catchy alliterative title of a book on Dutch foreign policy by Joris Voorhoeve, one-time parlia?mentary leader of the VVD (1986-90). Under these three headings he sought to analyse the major traditions of this foreign policy, which he defined as 'maritime commercialism' 'neutralist abstentionism' and 'internationalist idealism'. Others have objected to the concept of traditions in this respect, even arguing that the Dutch
Joan of Arc and the Hundred Years? War The Hundred Years? war, is it possible that a war could actually last so long? According to historians, the Hundred Years? War (1338-1453) was actually one hundred and fifteen years long, but I guess they call it what it is because it sounds better, and one hundred is a nice round number. What does Joan of Arc have to do with this war? Wasn?t she a woman? Yes, she was a woman, but she was a key leader in the war and she became a saint for dying for her Cath
Leonardo Fibonacci was an Italian mathematician, considered by some, as the most talented mathematician of the middle ages. Leonardo Fibonacci was born in Pisa, Italy, around 1175. His father was Guillermo Bonacci, a secretary of the Republic of Pisa. His father was also a customs officer for the North African city of Bugia. Sometime after 1192. Bonacci brought his son with him to Bugia.Guilielmo wanted for Leonardo to become a merchant and so arranged for his instruction in calculation techniqu
An essay is usually a short piece of writing which is quite often written from an author's personal point of view. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. The definition of an essay is vague, overlapping with those of an article and a short story. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexan
Hamlet is without question the most famous play in the English language. Probably written in 1601 or 1602, the tragedy is a milestone in Shakespeare?s dramatic development; the playwright achieved artistic maturity in this work through his brilliant depiction of the hero?s struggle with two opposing forces: moral integrity and the need to avenge his father?s murder. Shakespeare?s focus on this conflict was a revolutionary departure from contemporary revenge tragedies, which tended to graphically
Feb. 19. 2010 English 201 _Ralph Ellison ?Battle Royal? from The Invisible Man Ralph Ellison discovered himself to be an invisible man, simply because people refused to neither see him nor hear him meaning he was paid no mind. He was looking for himself, but he was asking everyone except himself he turned everywhere and everywhere he turned someone tried to tell him what it was he needed to do. He had to come to his sense and realize that he?s nobody but himself so he should make his own decisio
The Swiss Family Robinson is a classic fiction book written by Johann Wyss. This story takes place on a South Pacific island in the early 1800?s. This book is about a Christian family who becomes shipwrecked and learns how to survive on a deserted island to their advantage. The characters in this book are rather different but, they all have something in common. Father is the narrator of the story. He is very smart and wise because whenever his children has a problem he always has the solution.
Biography Works Cited Kershner, R. B., Jr. ?Dylan (Marlais) Thomas? Dictionary of Literary Biography: British Dramatists Since World War II. Ed. Stanley Weintraub. Vol. 13. Detroit: Gale Research, 1982. Literature Resource Center. Web. 24 February 2010. Middleton, David E. ?Dylan (Marlias) Thomas.? Dictionary of Literary Biography: British Poets, 1914-1945. Ed. Donald E. Stanford. Vol. 20. Detroit: Gale Research, 1983. Literature Resource Center. Web. 1 March 2010. Dylan Thomas has been known fo
THE CAUSES OF WW2 The date of September 1, 1939, when Germany invaded Poland, is remembered as the date the war started. But little is remembered about the date Russia also moved into Poland, on September 16,1939. The nation of Poland was now divided between these two war-time allies. It is interesting to notice what the responses of the major allied nations were to these two dates. When Germany entered the western portion of Poland, Britain and France declared war on Germany. But when Russia mo
I believe that homeschooling is one of the best options for the education of children today. There are so many good reasons to teach your child at home. Homeschooling is a good option for anybody?s personality, whether spontaneous or not, slow learner or fast learner, a social butterfly or a hermit. Homeschooling has many different options that work for anyone. If a child is homeschooled, he does not have to be bound by a schedule. I know for me, schedules never worked. Because of my personality
Good vs. Evil in ?Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?? JJ Dewey says in his writings that the basic difference between good and evil is this: Good is that which takes us forward on the path of spiritual evolution toward greater freedom, livingness, intelligence, light and love. Evil is that which takes us back into the past to lesser freedom, lesser livingness, lesser intelligence, light and love. Joyce Carol Oate?s short story ?Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?? is a religious all
This film is the first Disney film to be based on a real historic character, based on the known fact of the real historical story and also the folklore and legend that surround the Native American woman, Pocahontas. It features a fictionalized account of her encounter with Englishman John Smith and the English settlers that arrive from the Virginia Company in 1607. It begins with Pocahontas, who is the daughter of the Indian chief Powhatan; one day, she is out playing in the woods near the shor
We have been learning English in Korea for the past 3 years. It has always been difficult to study because when you study English, you must get to know your teacher and the culture of the English speaking country. We finally met a great teacher to teach us English. Our English teacher is the greatest teacher in the world because he is great at teaching English and he is an awesome hockey player which helps us to understand the English speaking culture. First, he never gives us lots of homework.
Global Recession Hits the Developing World Economic downturn means poor nations have to depend more on foreign aid.Transcript of radio broadcast: 13 March 2009 This is the VOA Special English Economics Report. Both the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund expect the world economy to shrink this year for the first time since World War Two. As recently as January, the I.M.F. had predicted growth of one-half percent. But this week its chief, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, said the world has ente
Choice # 4 Generally society has a stable social system that is rigid most of the times but during a civil war, a soldiers? action can be rewarded with nobility and royalty. In Macbeth by William Shakespeare, this departure from the norm is controlled by the Weird Sister and their The witches misleading prophecies thought to be preordained by Macbeth, became a reality by his actions fueled by an in suppressible hubris of ambition. . Macbeth was born to nobility and had a career as part of Dunca
A TEACHER?S GUIDE TO THE SIGNET CLASSIC EDITION OF JAMES JOYCE?S DUBLINERS By JAMES R. COPE and WENDY PATRICK COPE S E R I E S E D I T O R S : W. GEIGER ELLIS, ED.D., ARTHEA J. S. REED, PH.D., UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA, EMERITUS and UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, RETIRED A Teacher?s Guide to the Signet Classic Edition of James Joyce?s Dubliners 2 INTRODUCTION Dubliners by James Joyce is a good reading choice for advanced level 12th-grade students. As his first published work of fiction, Dubliners sta
Doctors and scientists have come up with lots of gadgets that can take over for parts of the body that break or wear out. Artificial blood, on the other hand, can be mind boggling. One reason is that most people think of blood as more than just connective tissue that carries oxygen and nutrients. Instead, blood represents life. Many cultures and religions place special significance on it, and its importance has even affected the English language. You might refer to your cultural or ancestral tra
On D-Day-June 6, 1944-Allied armies landed in Normandy on the northwestern coast of France, possibly the one most critical event of World War II unfolded; for upon the outcome of the invasion hung the fate of Europe. If the invasion failed, the United States might turn its full attention to the enemy in the Pacific-Japan-leaving Britain alone, with most of its resources spent in mounting the invasion. That would enable Nazi Germany to muster all its strength against the Soviet Union. By the time
Donald Greer Dr. Beverly Fischer English 1302 12 November 2010 John Updike?s ?A & P? The A & P grocery store in John Updike?s ?A & P? offers the reader a realistic setting for the story. Updike allows one to view the store through the protagonist Sammy?s narration. Throughout the story Sammy is obsessed with three young girls in bathing suits. This is not unusual for a young man. What is unusual is that Sammy allows this obsession to end his longtime employment. Sammy?s employment with the groce
I have not ever had a good experience with writing, although I?m equipped With a large vocabulary. But even then it is not properly displayed because I also Am very inept when it comes to spelling. So writing is not one of my passions, But I enjoy reading, and hope to elevate my writing proficiency in the future , at least enough to get through college. As for English I abhor it, it is my least favorite area of study. I?ve just barley passed all my English classes in the past, ive never failed b
America has been named the "melting pot" of the world. It houses many different cultures, nationalities, ideas and religions. There are Christians, Jews, Catholics, Buddhists, Mormons, Hindus, Spiritualists, Jehovah?s Witnesses, Islamics, plus many more. America is unique in that all these religions are represented in a nation that is only 200 years old. The influence of religion on mankind can be traced back to the first records of history. Religion has served as a pillar of strength to some an
Jahrbuch der Charles-Bukowski-Gesellschaft 2009 74 BukScene #1 The Birth of a Literary Magazine An interview with Jocelyne Desforges & Jan Hallers The authors are the founders of a new international magazine on Bukowski and related poets. Here they talk about their experiences creating that magazine. Hello Jocelyne and Jan, you're from very different countries, Canada and the Netherlands. Still you both have gathered to start a magazine together. A magazine about Bukowski. You called it 'BUK-SCE