English

The Awakening Suicide in The Awakening What is suicide? "(Suicide is) the act of self-destruction by a person sound in mind and capable of measuring his (or her) moral responsibility" (Webster 1705). "No one really knows why human beings commit suicide. Indeed, the very person who takes his (or her) own life may be least aware at the moment of decision of the essence of his (or her) reasons and emotions for doing so. At the outset, it can be said that a dozen individuals can kill themselves and
To Grade or Not to Grade, That is the Problem- What?s your GPA (Grade Point Average)? - Have you taken this course before? What did you get?In his essay The Farce Called "Grading", Arthur E. Lean questions the use of asking these kinds of questions. Grades have become part of our lives as students. People need a grading system and "seem to assume it to be necessary and intrinsic to the process of formal education"(Lean 131). He refers to the grade as "a symbol purporting to express a measurement
Stephen King Stephen King Stephen Edwin King is one of today?s most popular and best selling writers. King combines the elements of psychological thrillers, science fiction, the paranormal, and detective themes into his stories. In addition to these themes, King sticks to using great and vivid detail that is set in a realistic everyday place. Stephen King who is mainly known for his novels, has broadened his horizons to different types of writings such as movie scripts, nonfiction, autobiographi
Of Mice and Men More a Mouse Than a Man "If an author does not have at least one great popular success, he or she may well be ignored by the media, but if he or she is constantly popular, then the critics become suspicious of the writer's serious intentions" (Benson Introduction). What do critics from the literary world have to say about Steinbeck's writings? Critics have much to say, both positive and negative. What link exists between Steinbeck and his writings? Perhaps the most noteworthy bio
A Farewell to Arms A Farewell to Arms, by Ernest Hemingway, is a typical love story. A Romeo and his Juliet placed against the odds. In this novel, Romeo is Frederick Henry and Juliet is Catherine Barkley. Their love affair must survive the obstacles of World War I. The background of war-torn Italy adds to the tragedy of the love story. The war affects the emotions and values of each character. The love between Catherine and Frederick must outlast long separations, life-threatening war-time sit
Song of Solomon Song of Solomon" is a novel by Toni Morrison, the very famous and very popular Nobel laureate for literature. It's the story of a young black man named Milkman and his journey towards redemption and enlightenment from the twisted Michigan environment that spawned him. It's one of Morrison's most popular books, and won the Critics Circle award in 1978. There's a controversy going on? You betcha. During the summer of '97, the 11th grade Advanced Placement English class of David Flo
Death of a Salesman David Stankunas 3.28.99 per. 5 AP English Death of a Salesman topic - #1 Son of a Salesman A father is an important role model in a young man's life; perhaps the most important. A father must guide his children, support them, teach them, and most importantly, love them. In the play Death of a Salesman, written by Arthur Miller, an aging salesman of 63, Willy Loman worked all his life for his children. Happy and especially Biff, his two sons, where his pride and joy and his re
1984 - Socialism Eric Blair, known to his readers under the English pen name of George Orwell (1903-1950), was a man familiar with the roles of government. He served with the British government in Burma under the Indian Imperial Police. Returning to his European roots, Orwell also sided with the Spanish government as he fought with the Loyalists in their civil war. It wasn?t until he wrote professionally as a political writer that Orwell?s ideas of government were fully expressed. Orwell, in his
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Women, Courtly Love and the Creation Myth in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, a great epic written in fourteenth century Europe by the Pearl poet, emphasizes the opposition of Christian love to Courtly love in the 13th century through the dilemma of Sir Gawain, one of the great knights of the Arthurian round table. By examining the women in the poem, Gawain?s dilemma becomes a metaphor for the contrast of these two distinct types of
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight "The poem 'Sir Gawain and the Green Knight' creates a literary mid-point between Anglo-Saxon literature and Christian Literature. Agree or Disagree?" In broad terms Sir Gawain is part of an expansive body of literature that typically was intended to entertain a courtly and hence selective audience. If there is any common denominator running throughout the stories, it is the idea of chivalry, a formal, high-stylized system of standards of knightly conduct. This poe
The American A literary technique that authors often times employ is giving to the characters a name to enhance the reader?s understanding of that character. In The American, Henry James uses this style with most of his characters? names. Often times, the names may translate into an English word, or it could even just sound like an English word. The novel is better understood because of this and the reader can get more meaning out of each character and his or her personality traits. In whichever
A Shropshire Lad Shropshire: A Place of Imagined Sexual Contentment Published in 1869, A.E. Housman?s A Shropshire Lad stands as one of the most socially acclaimed collections of English poetry from the Victorian age. This period in British history, however, proves, by judiciary focus (the Criminal Law Amendment of 1885), to be conflictive with Housman?s own internal conflicts concerning the homoerotic tendencies which he discovered in his admiration of fellow Oxford student Moses Jackson. Housm
"Democracy in America" Alexis De Tocqueville?s Democracy in America delves deep into how the American States and the federal government would grow politically and socially under the umbrella of democracy. He sees the United States as a unique entity because of how and why it started as well as its geographical location. De Tocqueville explains that the foundations of the democratic process in America are completely different from anywhere else on the globe. The land was virginal and the colonie
Sense and Sensibility English author Jane Austen wrote satirical romances set within the confines of upper-middle-class English society. Her books are known for their sharp attention to the details of everyday life, and her skillful treatments of character and situation has marked Austen as an astute observer of human nature. This is highly evident in her treatment of the complex relationship between sense and sensibility in her novel of the same name. Jane Austen?s Sense and sensibility contras
Semiotics and Intertextuality Part I Intertextuality The semiotic notion of intertextuality is associated primarily with poststructuralist theorists. Each media text exists in relation to others. In fact, texts owe more to other texts than to their own makers. Texts are framed by others in many ways. Most obvious are formal frames: a television programme, for instance, may be part of a series and part of a genre (soap or sitcom). Our understanding of any individual text relates to such framings.
Schindler's List - Review Schindler's List is one of the most powerful movies of all time. It tells the powerful true story of the German businessman Oskar Schindler who comes to Nazi- captured Poland looking for economic blooming and leaves as a savior of more than 1,100 Jews. Many of our grandparents told us of the stories and we learned about it in school year after year, but to see it put to life was a totally touching experience. Some of us couldn't even bare to look at those gruesome scene
The Scarlet Letter - Chapter Summaries Chapter 1: Hester Prynne has committed adultery. Two years ago her husband in Europe sent her on ahead to America while he settled some business affairs. Alone in the small town of Boston, Hester has shocked and angered her neighbors by secretly taking a lover and bringing forth a girl child. The Puritans of Boston are shocked that she has done this thing. They are angry because she will not reveal the name of the father of the child. Although the usual pen
Old Man and the Sea - Santiago is Hemingway There is an old saying in the english language, "Every piece of writing is at least a little bit autobiographical." This may be true in all cases, but it is clearly predominant in Ernest Hemingway's "Old Man and the Sea." It is evident that Hemingway modeled the main character, Santiago after his own person, and that the desires, the mentality, and the lifestyle of the old man are identical to Hemingway's. Santiago is an old fisherman who lives in a sm
Samson Agonistes In John Milton's works, specifically Samson Agonistes, we get an idea of how Milton shows people coping with defeat. The most evident way these people to choose to deal with their defeat is by questioning why this has to happen. Which usually leads to what is the purpose of living if bad things are going to take place. Friends or family members also usually come to the aid of the person trying to cope with the defeat to help them realize that this is not the end. After time of g
Tales of the New Babylon Zola?s La Débâcle, first planned in 1868, was the penultimate chapter in Les Rougon-Macquart. Warfare was something Zola had always meant to give full play in Les Rougon-Macquart, and his 1868 scheme had provided for a novel that will have the military world as its framework?; an episode in [Napoleon III?s] Italian campaign. But after the calamitous Franco-Prussian War, this installment acquired special significance. What had originally been envisaged as one tale among o
Rude Strength [T]he bleding continued a while til it migt be sene with avisement. And this was so plenteous to my sight that methowte, if it had be so in kind and in substance for that tyme, it should have made the bed al on blode and a passid over aboute.1 This passage, which I affectionately refer to as "the bloodbath scene," is from Julian of Norwich's description of Christ's bleeding during the Crucifixion as it was revealed to her in the Fourth Showing. While none of her renderings in A Rev
Rose Schneiderman and the Triangle Fire A Review of the Essay "Rose Schneiderman and the Triangle Fire" Reported by Leslie Regina Goodson The American History Illustrated, published in July of 1981, featured an essay by Bonnie Mitelman. The essay expounds on the tragedy of a horrific fire at the Triangle Waist Company on March 25, 1911 and the impetus it had on a union activist, Rose Schneiderman. Ms. Mitelman emphasizes the altering change such a tragedy can have on an individual, a small commu
Rocking Horse Winner The Hidden Truth The plot in "The Rocking-Horse Winner" by D. H. Lawrence reveals to the reader conflicts between Paul and his mother using different levels or forms of secrecy. There are secrets hidden throughout the house that leads Paul and his mother to an unpleasant life. The first level of secrecy is the actual secrets that Paul and Paul's mother keep from each other. The second form of secrecy is that D. H. Lawrence uses a story telling style of writing. This way of w
Robinson Crusoe Daniel Defoe, author of Robinson Crusoe, led a rather dramatic life, just like the character described in his novel. He had played various roles throughout his life. He used to be a successful merchant, though went out of business later. He published The True-Born Englishman, which was awarded by William III, and he also the author of The Short Way With The Dissentions, because of which he was sent to the court since the article ridicule the policy the government had taken toward
The Martion Chronicles The Theme of Metamorphosis in the Novels of Ray Bradbury In Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451 and The Martian Chronicles he uses the theme of metamorphosis to show how his characters survive reality. Through the characters in these novels he is able to show their survival through personal metamorphosis. Critic Willis E. McNelly states "The central tensions that permeate all of Bradbury's works are those of stasis, entropy, and change. Change will come, he seems to say?"(173).
Remains of the Day Kazuo Ishiguro?s Remains of the Day gives an eloquent treatment of the issue of how a stoic English butler?s unemotional reaction to the emotional world around him is damaging and painful, and how he resolves to make the best of the remains of the day ?the remainder of his life. Ishiguro explores some of the differences between the old English Victorian culture?that of the stiff upper lip, no show of emotion, and repression of personal opinion?and the no-holds-barred American
Nanking Chapter One The main point in chapter one was to give us a history of the Japanese people, and to rationalize why the Japanese army went to such extremes in Nanking. She uses examples of training rituals used by the Japanese army like extreme teaching procedures and terrible school conditions in Japan. I don't think she was trying to make an excuse for the Japanese army but she wanted to site a possible reason for the abuse. She talks about Japanese history and gives us lots of backgroun
A Tale of Two Cities The ArchetypalCharacters Archetypal Characters: Characters are presented from the start of the novel as good or evil. There are no characters that the reader see as good and turn out to be evil at the end or vica versa. Their goodness or evilness is clearly shown from the beginning. A Tale of Two Cities takes place in England and France, during the time of the French Revolution. A Tale of Two Cities is a classic novel, where Charles Dickens presents to the reader archetypal
Educating Rita Entertainment from today's astounding visual effects in movies to men acting as women in Shakespearean plays some centuries ago, have always been and will always be appreciated by many. Even George B. Shaw's play Pygmalion, has given a few laughs, but not only made for engaging an audience in something fun and making money, instead to a noticeable extent for people to learn. "Pygmalion" in fact, is a play filled with its popular misconceptions, like in Act 1 where a professor in p
Pygmalion Bernard Shaw?s comedy Pygmalion presents the unlikely journey of an impoverished flower girl into London?s society of the early 20th century. Professor Higgins proposes a wager to his friend Colonel Pickering that he can take a common peddler and transform her into royalty. Eliza Doolittle is the pawn in the wager. But little does Higgins know the change will go far beyond his expectations: Eliza transforms from a defensive insecure girl to a fully confident,strong, and independent wom
Pride And Prejudice Question 1: Pride and Prejudice Chapter 19 concerns Mr Collins's proposal to Elizabeth. Read carefully the exchange between Elizabeth and Mr Collins beginning 'Believe me, my dear Miss Elizabeth' to 'not fail of being acceptable'. Discuss the passage in detail, commenting on its comic aspects, and what the chapter reveals about the characters and the social environment or world of the novel. At first glance Chapter 19 is just another cog in the story of Pride and Prejudice, b
Pride And Prejudice - Characters One of the weaknesses of the novel, Pride and Prejudice is that the characters are divided up between those you like and those you don?t. Discuss. The characters found in the novel, Pride and Prejudice, by Jane Austen, are easily contrasted. While some characters are likeable, we have others who are seen as silly and petty. Thus, we have strong differences between the various characters, who present to us the nature of society in those times. The reflection of th
The Scarlet Letter - Characterization Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts in 1804. After his graduation from Bowdoin College in Maine, he quickly became a well-known author of literary tales concerning early American life. Between 1825 and 1850, he developed his talent by writing short fiction, and he gained international fame for his fictional novel The Scarlet Letter in 1850 (Clendenning 118). Rufus Wilmot Griswold stated, The frivolous costume and brisk action of the story of
Pocahontas Biography of Pocahontas For more than two centuries since the death of the Indian princess Pocahontas, legends and stories of romance have been imbedded into our minds, but her dramatic life was more important to the creation of a segment of American history than legend. Around the year of 1595, Pocahontas was born to chief Powhatan, the powerful chief of a federation of Algonquian Indian tribes who lived in the tidewater region of Virginia. She was but one of the many children of Pow
Wars of the Roses In the late 1400?s the House of York fought the House of Lancaster for the English crown. Because Lancaster?s heraldic badge was a red rose and the Yorks was a white rose, the long conflict became known as Wars of the Roses. The real lives of the main participants of the Wars of the Roses will be displayed in this paper. In Shakespeare?s Richard III the participants in the Wars of the Roses were not suitably displayed. The participants in Shakespeare?s Richard III were Henry Tu
Our Grandmothers If Othello didn?t begin as a play about race, history has made it one. The Venetian society that Othello is set in is representative of the writers context. The attitudes and values that Shakespeare reveals through the text are those same attitudes and values of Elizabethan society in England in the sixteenth-century. Although Othello is set in Venice and Cyprus, the attitudes and values shared in the text are probably reflective of the attitudes and values of Shakespeare's own
Only the heart The Vietnamese people in only the heart had many difficult hardships to go through in order to get to Australia. The book showed how all the different characters responded to these hardships in there own ways. I will talk about the problems before they left Vietnam and how that made them escape. To the extent in which they succeeded and what helped them succeed. And of coarse the problems they had along the way. The Vo family was living in a village in Vietnam during the war and w
One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest In Facing Up To The American Dream: Race, Class, and The Soul of a Nation by Jennifer Hochschild, she explains that there are various kinds of success embodied in the American Dream. She claims that success can be absolute which means that achieving the American Dream implies "reaching some threshold of well-being, higher than where one began but not necessarily dazzling."(p.16) Success can also be relative in which achieving the American Dream consists of becomin
On The Subway On The Subway The poem that I have chosen to write and analyze is "On The Subway" by Sharon Olds. It was written in 1987 and is in one of Olds three books that she has had published called "The Gold Cell." The other books that Olds has written are "Satan Days"(1980) and "The Dead and the Living"(1983). Olds, who was born in San Francisco, has won a National Book Critics Circle Award for her poetry. The poem is about the speaker of the poem in a subway car sitting across from a boy
Oliver Twist With all of the symbolism and moral issues represented in Oliver Twist, all seem to come from real events from the life of its author, Charles Dickens. The novels protagonist, Oliver, is a good person at heart surrounded by the filth of the London streets. Filth that Dickens himself was forced to deal with in his everyday life. But through morals and mere chance Oliver becomes a living symbol. It?s probable that the reason Oliver Twist contains so much fear and agony is because it?s
Oliver Twist OLIVER TWIST BOOK SUMMARY Dickens, Charles. Oliver Twist. New York: Longman Edition, 1981, pp. 353 This book is a fiction novel set in the 19th century. I found the main theme of he book to be about the social problems at that time in England. The main character in the book is Oliver Twist. He is a young orphan boy. The book tells his life story and his struggle to find his family and a good home. The other important characters in the book are Fagin, Bet Dawkins (Dodger), Mr. Brownl
Of Mice and Men In John Steinbeck's novel Of Mice and Men George and Lennie struggle to achieve their ultimate dream. They want to save up and have a farm of their own. Lennie is as little retarded and George is just a typical guy and they use their friendship to stay together. While spending time on the farm, Lennie starts to talk to Curley's wife. They both want to be with someone so they aren't lonesome. In Of Mice and Men John Steinbeck uses George and Lennie's relationship to confirm the ce
Of Mice and Men - Lonliness Breaking the Loneliness In John Steinbeck?s Of Mice and Men, loneliness is one of the many underlying themes that is expressed in the novel through many of its characters. Some of the factors of this human isolation are age, sexism and racism. Despite the on-going struggle to prevent its occurrence, loneliness is also a feeling a large number of people experience from day to day in our society. In the novel, Candy is a lonely and disabled, elderly man who feels isolat
Oedipus The King - Compared to Things Fall Apart "Oedipus the King" and "Things Fall Apart" The poem "Oedipus the King" and the novel "Things Fall Apart, there is some differences between these two stories. These two stories were very famous in the ancient time. "Things Fall Apart has won the following awards: Nigerian National Trophy, Commonwealth Poetry Prize, Nigerian National Merit Award. Things Fall Apart and Related Readings becomes a complete literature unit with the Teacher's Source Book
Obasan OBASAN - Opus "I want to break loose from the heavy identity?I am tired of living between deaths and funerals, weighted with decorum, unable to shout or sing or dance, unable to scream or swear, unable to laugh, unable to breathe out loud." (102). In Joy Kogawa's Obasan. Naomi, a young female of Japanese decent is forced to adapt and grow into the Canadian society. She is faced with great pressures because of the events of WWII and the internment of Japanese Canadians. Her childhood is co
Night Shift Envision a dead-silent murky room with nothing to eye at aside from papers. Plentiful papers scattered about the room. With every tick of the clock, your eyelids descend further down; your palm is fiery like lava oozing down a recently erupted volcano, yet your fingertips are as frigid as the glacial lands of Antarctica. Even under these harsh conditions, you must still focus on the task at hand, studying for finals. These are the obstacles confronting Sean Wallace in his quest for a
A Modest Proposal Have You Eaten Yet?: Swift?s Final Solution As a lately favored eighteenth century essay, Jonathan Swift?s Proposal has been canonized as a satirical model of wit. As will be discussed shortly, Swift?s essay is often seen as an allegory for England?s oppression of Ireland. Swift, himself and Irishman (Tucker 142), would seem to have pointed his razor wit against the foreign nation responsible for his city?s ruin. Wearing the lens of a New Historicist, however, requires that we
Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson The Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson is a personal account, written by Mary Rowlandson in 1682, of what life in captivity was like. Her narrative of her captivity by Indians became popular in both American and English literature. Mary Rowlandson basically lost everything by an Indian attack on her town Lancaster, Massachusetts in 1675; where she is then held prisoner and spends eleven weeks with the Wampanoag Ind
My Fair Lady In the opening scene of the play/musical we meet all of the main characters, Professor Henry Higgins, Eliza Doolittle, and Colonel Pickering. It is also here that they are each introduced to one another. After an evening at the opera, the members of high society begin spilling out onto streets of London, mingling with the commoners. Professor Higgins hear, Eliza, the flower girl, speaking and begins to take notes. Eliza finds this behavior suspicious and thinks that she is in some s
My Antonia THEME my antonia by willa cather. a story of friends, love, immigration, and most importantly CHANGE. the whole book of my antonia is about CHANGE. antonia CHANGES from an illiterate child from bohemia to an intelligent woman in america. antonia CHANGES from living well off in bohemia to living poorly in america. antonia CHANGES from being an innocent little girl to being a hard working teenager. then there is jim burden, who you could call antonia?s best friend, or you could go a ste