A model is a simplified representation of some aspect of the world. In what ways may models help or hinder the search for knowledge in Natural Science and Human Science?

Models are used to represent ideas and concepts in both Natural and Human Science. By definition, a model is a "simplified description [...] of a system or process, to assist calculations and predictions" . This can be in the shape of a graph, a calculation, a physical object, etc., however, they all serve the same purpose: to help the human mind understand the theories behind a process or an idea, and gain knowledge. However, it is important to note that knowledge and understanding are two different concepts- while knowledge is defined as "facts, information, and skills acquired through experience or education" , in other words, the factual information we gather by observing the world around us, understanding requires the comprehension of the knowledge we collect. For example, while a student in grade five might be able to recite the times table due to learning it off by heart and thus have gathered the knowledge, the student needs to be able to understand the working behind the times table in order to gain an understanding of the working and be able to apply it to other situations.
Models are generally helpful for the visualization and simplified concepts we encounter in both natural and human science, however, they usually do not present information in enough detail in order to be able to entirely comprehend all aspects of the knowledge gathered from the concept.
Psychology employs the Myers- Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) as a model in human science. This model summarizes all personality types in the world into 16 personalities, using combinations of four different criteria with two options in each criteria that can be combined to form the 16 different personality types. For example, take the personality type ENTJ. This personality type defines the person as a "commander", the four letters standing for E xtroverted, I n tuitive, T hinking and J udging. The description of the personality type says that they "are natural born leaders" and " are characterized by an often ruthless level of rationality, using their drive, determination and sharp minds to achieve whatever end they've set for themselves." However, with over 7 billion people on the planet, it is very difficult to order each one of them into one of the 16 categories. Therefore, the MBTI takes the fundamental characteristics and merges them in order to offer a more substantial description of the character. Grouping those general characteristics allows us to conduct a deeper analysis of our human psyche and understand why someone might behave in a certain way, this allowing us to expand our understanding. However, we can only assume to what extent the MBTI model can represent someone's personality. In order to present the information in a concise way, the model needs to generalize and simplify a lot of the information, therefore it loses some of the details, leaving a simplified model of the reality.
In natural science, models are often useful since they give us the possibility to observe and help us comprehend the structure of a part of the world we may not be able to see with our bare eye. In chemistry, the Bohr Rutherford model is used to illustrate the structure of an atom. Like the MBTI, it provides a simplified version of a complex concept, helping us understand the simple picture. Here, the knowledge of the structure of an atom is gathered, and the knowledge of the Bohr Rutherford model will aid with the understanding of more complex chemical processes, like the chemical bonding of atoms. Here, the model helps the learner observe and understand an object that cannot be observed usually. However, the structure of an atom doesn't stop at the Bohr Rutherford model. While this simplified model may give us a basic idea of the structure of an atom and how it functions, the quantum atomic model goes into more specifics over how an atom is made up. Unlike the Bohr Rutherford model, the quantum atomic model show the orbitals of an atom, not only in circles but dozens of