University of Phoenix Material

A Research Plan

Part I – Research Problem

Think about something in psychology that you would be interesting in studying. You can select a topic from what you’ll be studying in this course or another topic that seems intriguing to you.

Respond to the following in 50 to 75 words:
Identify your research problem and describe it. What about this topic interests you? I think the study of crimalogy would be very interesting. More focused on serial murders and rapist. I would like to know how a person could commit such an act of violence and think there are no consenquences for those acts of violence. And why these person’s think it’s ok to commit such acts of violence on other living things rather it be an animal or another human being. And what makes a person commit murder or rape.
Part II – The Scientific Method

Consider the scientific method and complete the following table explaining each step of the scientific method in your own words. Please use complete sentences to write 25 to 50 words describing each step.

Step Description Formulate a testable hypothesis What makes a person commit murder. What happens in individuals is that their cognitive control mechanisms are deranged. Mind you, these individuals are not out-of-control, enraged people. They just use their cognitive control mechanisms in the service of a disturbed goal. There are probably a multitude of factors at play here. The subject is exposed to influences that lead him or her to violent acts—including, unfortunately, not only the violent political rhetoric but also the media coverage of similar acts, as we are doing here. A variety of issues, especially mental health problems that lead to social isolation, lead the subject to a mental state that alters his or her ability to exercise cognitive control in a healthy manner. The cognitive control capacities of the subject get somewhat redirected—we don\'t quite understand how—toward goals and activities that are violent in a very specific way. Not the violent outburst of somebody who has "lost it" in a bar, punching people right and left. The violence is channeled in a very specific plan, with a very specific target—generally fed by the media through some sort of rhetoric, political or otherwise—with very specific tools Select the research method and design the study Serial killers have a type of cycle during which they kill, presumably during some period of stress. After the cathartic experience is accomplished, they feel temporarily relieved of this pressure. Although the exact number of serial killers through history is unknown, estimates range as high as 1,500 serial
killers (Newton, 2000). A commonly asked question is why
these incidents occur. The great interest in this question is due in part to the large number of serial killers and in part to the
heinous nature of these crimes. Finding a reason that a person
would engage in committing multiple murders has
brought suggestions involving many facets of the perpetrator’s
life (Pincus, 2001; Ressler & Shachtman, 1992). Possible
biological contributions include head injury involving brain damage, brain anomalies, and faulty genetics. Familial
contributions include the physical ab-sence or lack of personal involvement by one or both parents and alcohol or drug dependency by one or both parents. Perhaps one of the most interesting factors contributing to the development of a serial killer is abuse that is experienced in the killer’s childhood. Childhood abuse has been given varying levels of blame in the development of serial killers. De Becker (1997) quoted Ressler’s
research and stated that “100 percent [of serial killers] had been abused as children, either with violence, neglect, or humiliation” (p. 55). Ressler and Shachtman (1992) report that, “over 40
percent of the [serial] murderers reported being physically beaten and abused in their childhoods. More than 70 percent
said they had witnessed or been part of sexually stressful events when young (p. 85). With such variance in estimates and with the prevalence of childhood abuse reported much higher than in the normal population, a closer examination of the topic seems prudent.

Collect the data For the 50 serial killers, the following
breakdown of abuse was found:
Some type of maltreatment, re-gardless of abuse type (68%)
Physical abuse (36%)
Sexual abuse (26%)
Psychological abuse (50%)
Neglect (18%)
No abuse