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Thinking back on the content of this course, the study of history fundamentally looks at human interaction in response to changing conditions over time. It examines the basic conflict of power and resource allocation versus the rights of people as human beings to live and make decisions without fear. Conflict can be brought about by the acquisition of resources, the struggle between different ideas as well as feelings of nationalism (pride in one\'s country). As a final conclusion to the course, you will be asked to examine one topic in depth: human rights in light of current changes in global politics.
The United Nations Security Council is charged with maintaining international peace and security. It controls the implementation of sanctions as well as peacekeeping operations across the globe. Although the Council has fifteen member nations at any one time, five of these member nations are permanent ones which may exercise veto power over decisions made by the Council. These five permanent nations are the People\'s Republic of China, the United States, Russia, France and the United Kingdom. In addition, supranational (beyond the scope of one nation) organizations are coming into existence such as the African Union peacekeeping forces, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Response Force, and the European Union Battle Groups which can respond to emergency situations.
As violations of human rights and unequal access to basic means for clean water, food and shelter become more pressing across the globe, many question the ability of the United Nations or any one nation to effectively address these issues. A new concept for foreign action, Responsibility to Protect, is now being promoted by some groups. This concept involves the use of military force against nations who abuse their own people. As the Chief Assistant to the President of the United Nations Security Council, you have been asked to help him research this new concept and advise the Council whether implementing Responsibility to Protect would be in the world\'s best interests. Should the United Nations Security Council work toward stopping the power and influence of abusive governments and groups through direct action to protect citizens or should the Council continue to provide peaceful humanitarian assistance to end the suffering of people the world over?
Step 1: Preparing Your Individual Work:
Each of you will be assigned a nation within one of the regions we have studied this year: the Middle East, Africa, Asia or Latin America. You are being asked to research information and advise the U.N. Security Council regarding its future course of action. The parts of the project will be given the following values:
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