1. Discuss the four basic thrusts of the student movement which lead to the founding of Black Studies.
- The first would be the Civil Rights Movement (1960). This movement broke down the barriers of legal separation in public accommodations to achieve equality and justice for Blacks. It also helped organize Blacks into a self-conscious social force capable of defining, defending and advancing their interests. They also mobilized, organized and politicized thousands of Black students, and politicized many White students and their leaders through recruiting, training them and bringing them to the South to work in the struggle. The second is the Free Speech Movement (UC Berkeley, 1964) white students protest against the rigid, restrictive and unresponsive character of the university and demand for civil rights on campus. The Anti-Vietnam War Movement (1965) was the third movement and was a general student protest against the Vietnam War and university complicity in it through its cooperation with the government in recruitment and research and development programs. Finally, there was the Black Power Movement (1965), which led to direct establishment of Black Studies.
2. Discuss the emergence of Black Studies at SFSU. Identify the major groups involved and the contribution of Dr. Nathan Hare.
- The emergence of Black Studies at SFSU was led by black students. Students responded to national activism of the black power movement & watts revolt. During this the BSU, or Black Student Union, demanded a legitimate black studies department funded by college and controlled by black people. Another thing that they demanded was special admissions programs for black students. During this students went on strike and it causes the university to be shut down. In turn, SFSU became the first institution of education to establish a black studies program. It wasn’t only the students that were a major part of this, but also Dr. Nathan Hare. Dr. Hare was appointed coordinator of black studies in 1968 and given the task to formulate an autonomous black studies department. He played a major role in the Black Studies program.
3. What were the early academic and political concerns of the advocates of Black Studies?
- 1. Concerned with white studies, seen as inadequate. white studies posed as a model for everyone, and resistant to change. Black studies argued need to teach black studies from a black frame of mind.
2. low numbers of blacks on campus, seen as racist exclusion to maintain white monopoly. special admissions demanded to solve problem. Concerned with treatment of racism, sought out to make blacks respected and politically involved on campus
4. What were the early objectives of Black Studies?
-Teach black experience with special attention to history, culture and current issues
-Assemble & create body of knowledge that contributed to intellectual and political emancipation
-Create individuals who were dedicated to community service, stress importance for black intellectuals
-continue expansion of equally beneficial relationship between campus & community
-Establish position in the academy

5. Discuss the seven major contributions of Black Studies which establish its academic and social relevance.