Art Theft
The theft of historic objects affects a range of countries, from the US, UK, Japan,
Ital y , and France of the developed countries to developing countries, such as, Eg y pt, China,
and India. There are specific organizations and branches within major law enforcements that
focus on this issue.
Some of the most successful organizations worth mentioning start with The FBI Art
Crime Team. The y work entirely on crimes associated with art theft, founders of a
computerized index of reported stolen art and cultural properties known as the National Stolen
Art File, which is used b y all major law enforcement agencies across the globe. Then there is
the LAPD Art Theft Detail, with a statistic of " $121,622,405" in recoveries. The y are
responsible for investigating all cases of theft and burglaries as well as fakes, frauds and
forgeries, the Art Theft Detail is the onl y law enforcement unit working full time, in the
United states. In association, there is the Art Loss Register. This compan y offers a range of
services, from providing viable art dealers and bu y ers, auction houses and insurers to the L oss
Registration, which is a database where people can personall y register a piece of art for
investigation. Another establishment worth mentioning is the Interpol, with data accessible b y
the general public, including stolen and recovered works of art as well as recovered art that
has y et to been claimed. The Interpol encourages art and antique dealers as well as police and
art lovers to exchange insight and information to strengthen the efforts of protecting art,
culture and histor y .

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Man y art thefts go unnoticed for several years, a shocking 5-10% of art pieces are
actuall y recovered, although some of the most famous heists were ver y well noticed. On
December 22, 2000, a gang of men held up the Swedish National Museum in Stockholm.
Opportunel y , just across town two cars exploded, creating the diversion that would aid them
in their plot. The robbers planted explosives as to side-track police resources, when an alarm
was set off, the responders found their tires had been slashed. One of the men carried a
submachine gun into the museum. While he threatened the people in the museum lobb y , two
others, hurried upstairs and grabbed three paintings worth $36 million within just a few
minutes. With Renoir\'s Y oung Parisian and Conversation with a Gardner and a Rembrandt\'s
self-portrait under their arm, the men then retreated to a small motorboat posted nearb y .
However, it was not apparent what the y had intended to do with the stolen paintings.
The y were wa y too distinctive to be resold and at the time, the black market was under heav y
surveillance. Shortl y after the heist, police received photographs of the stolen paintings and a
demand, which didn\'t even come close to the actual value of the paintings , roughl y 3 million
dollars for them to be returned, but it was rejected.
Within a month, ten arrests were made for involvement in the heist, the leader was
believed to be a Russian man in his forties. The aforementioned ransom was delivered and
demanded b y two law y ers, who had been acted as middle men. They were arrested together
with those who had raided the museum. All the criminals were arrested and charged with
attempted extortion and aggravated robbery, but al l of them plead innocent.
In 2001, Swedish narcotics police recovered Renoir\'s Conversation with the
Gardener , during a drug raid. Co-operations between the FBI, Swedish authorities and the US
immigration and Customs Enforcements resulted in the successful raid. The painting was
found hidden in a bag and three people were arrested. F our y ears after Conversation with the
Gardener resurfaced, Rembrandt \'s self -portrait was recovered b y Danish police. The painting

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was retrieved during an operation that took place at Copenhagen hotel, it resulted in the arrest
of four people. The last painting, Renoir\'s Y oung Parisian is still missing.
Art is extremel y important to a countr y \'s culture and often is