The Articles of Confederation
Although, at the time, the Articles of Confederation presented a positive alternative to the mother country?s rules and regulations, they proved to be an ineffective form of government due to their lack of adequate powers to deal with the economy, foreign relations or foreign commerce, and their lack of domestic power to force will on the states. With the Articles of Confederation, the government did not have the power to tax states, so they did not get a sufficient income to handle economic issues properly, like the National Debt. Congress did attempt to handle this issue, but Rhode Island voted against the proposal due to the fear of lack of money to pay, and the strong rejection of the idea that Congress should not hold the power to tax. Since the Articles state that all 13 states have to vote in unanimity, the various proposals to change economic policies within the Articles did not pass. Congress also could not commensurately pay the army due to the fact that soldiers recognized congresses inability to carry out demands. This led to the Newburgh Conspiracy- a plan that, if congress did not possess power to tax states, the soldiers would pretend to take over the government. Though, this plan failed due to the lack of support from George Washington whom all soldiers supported. Despite the National Debt, congress did not have enough money to support its wills and duties as a nation.
America lacked a central government with the Articles of Confederation and gave too much power to the states individually. In theory, the states were more or less 13 individual countries. Since Congress did not come across as an intimidation, states paid any debts owed to Congress on their own terms, not acknowledging any requests made by Congress. Congress did not possess the power to regulate commerce and trade within foreign countries. The underlying problem with this was that states began to enforce laws within each state that Congress really had no power in. This showed that Congress was essentially helpless when it came down to instilling taxes and tariffs throughout the nation. There was no national court system under the Articles, so any disputes had to be settled in state court, which was inefficient and a burden to the attempt to unify the states more. In general, Congress didn?t hold much power to regulate states even the slightest bit.
The Articles of Confederation caused the nation to have a very weak, even absent, centralized army, causing the British to remain on America?s home soil trading with the Indians. The Americans were unable to remove the British from their territory, which was harmful in the attempt to unify the country even greater. This made the Articles of Confederation even weaker because the United States was unable to free from British watch and restraint, even after the Revolution. Even though, each state had its own small army, they chose to take no action because the British posed no real, evident threat, which lessened the Articles? power even more. With the British?s imposition, and the fact that each state would not work together to rid the nation of the British was a negative effect in the nation?s attempt to become a greater unified nation.