Body Fat and Eating Disorders


Tiffany Sabala


SCI/220

May 29, 2017
Erik Kirk











Body Fat and Eating Disorders

In this paper, I am going to talk about body fat and eating disorders.
First, I will describe the risks associated with excess body fat. Second,
discuss at least five factors that influence the obesity epidemic. Next, we
are going to assess the various techniques for measuring body fat. Then, I
will explain the various strategies for weight loss. Finally, we will go
over some health problems associated with anorexia nervosa, bulimia
nervosa, and binge-eating disorder and explain how each of the eating
disorders mentioned may lead to health problems. Then we will look at the
treatment options for these disorders?

1) Describe the risks associated with excess body fat.
Excess pounds do more than increase your weight-they increase your risk of
major health problems. People who are overweight or obese are more likely
to have heart disease, strokes, diabetes, cancer, and depression.
Fortunately, losing weight can reduce your risk of developing some of these
problems.
If you're carrying many extra pounds, you face a higher-than-average
risk of a whopping 50 different health problems. These health conditions
include the nation's leading causes of death-heart disease, stroke,
diabetes, and certain cancers-as well as less common ailments such as gout
and gallstones. Perhaps even more compelling is the strong link between
excess weight and depression, because this common mood disorder can have a
profound, negative impact on your daily life.


2) Discuss at least five factors that influence the obesity
epidemic.
When you look at it there are several factors that can lead to
obesity. Inactivity is the number one that I am going to start with. Due
to modern conveniences such as cars, cellphones, remote controls and fast
food drive-throughs are widely accessible, the average adult gets regular
exercise only if he plans it's into his day. As life becomes more stressful
and chaotic and with a declining economy, exercise gets pushed to the back
burner in favor of longer work hours and a need for more rest. Second, it
would have to do with poor food choices. Many busy families opt for fast
food in which even their "healthy options" such as grilled chicken or
salads are high in fat and sodium. Restaurant and fast-food portions are so
oversized that most Americans have no idea of what a healthy portion looks
like. Fresh and organic food cooked from scratch is expensive, time-
consuming and requires planning, not a skill most adults have been taught.
Genetics is the third that I will go over. It's true that family
genetics plays a role in the way you store fat and where it accumulates on
your body. Genes alone do not mean you will be obese, but can cause certain
obesity-related diseases. Family lifestyles and eating patterns can
significantly impact obesity. Immediate and extended families may have
deeply established rituals of celebrating with food, overeating or
consuming traditional foods that are high in fat, calories or simple
carbohydrates. Fourth we are going to look at Age. Age can be a determining
factor in obesity. Older Americans become less active and lose muscle mass
as they age. As body processes, slow and become less competent, it can be
much harder to maintain a healthy weight, though it can be done with proper
diet and exercise. Lastly, socioecomic Environment Poverty and unsafe
environments can be a cause of obesity. Lack of access to clean and safe
spaces for recreation, the high price of fresh food and lack of access to
stores that provide high-quality food can be linked to lower-income
households.
3) Assess the various techniques for measuring body fat.
One way to measure is skin fold caliper. The "skin fold" method
measures your body fat percentage by pinching your fat with your fingers
then measuring the thickness with a body fat caliper. The reading is given
in millimeters, which you compare to a chart with age and gender to arrive
at your body fat percentage. The upside to this method is accurate and
dependable. The downside is that the same exact spot needs to be used every
time and for people over 35+ pounds, fat may not fit with in the caliper,
so it isn't accurate. 2. Bioelectric Impedance Analysis determines the
electrical impedance or opposition to the flow of an electric current
through the body. Muscle has high water content, and is highly conductive,
while fat has lower water content and is not highly conductive. The upside
of this method is very easy to administer