Buffalo Cowboys




Buffalo Soldiers originally were members of the U.S. 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, formed on September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. This nickname was given to the "Negro Cavalry" by the Native American tribes they fought in the Indian Wars.


The term eventually became synonymous with all of the African American regiments formed in 1866. Buffalo soldiers were in the 9th and 10th Cavalries. They also fought with great pride in four U.S. Army infantries.