This essay Case Study #2 has a total of 564 words and 4 pages.
Case Study #2
The theory of Utilitarianism has to do with the greatest good for the greatest number this is also known as GGGN. This theory is mainly dealing with the consequences to the actions you take. This theory denotes you have to be mindful of the consequences for the actions you take and the benefit of the greatest good for the greatest number. To determine the number one must look at the Bentham's Hedonistic Calculus. The numbers range from 1-5 and are defined as Remoteness, purity, richness, certainty, and duration. There are also the different types of utilitarianism, act & rule. Rule focuses on rules and standards that promote the greatest good for the greatest number. Act on the other hand would distinguish what the goal of this action would be.
In the scenario given, I am a manager of a small plastics company and my emissions rating will go above legal limits within the calendar year. The only way for me to reduce the emissions is to buy expensive equipment that would benefit the company but may cost jobs. I have been advised to lie or withhold the findings until a cheaper alternative is made available to the public. Both actions that I can take have consequences, one being I lie and deal with the results of that the other being my company may temporality suffer. If I were to get advice from an Act or Rule Utilitarian their responses to this scenario would be different yet have some sort of similar underlying goal. A rule utilitarian would tell me to follow the rules to get to the greatest good for the greatest number or GGGN. As a rule I have passed the legal limits for the current year. However the research shows I will be surpassing within the time of the next evaluation which means I would be breaking the law and rule.
I would be advised to follow the rules because the person advisee is rule orientated. However, the rule utilitarian would think about how the rules set would maximize happiness for the GGGN . In this particular case following the rules would not provide maximum happiness. If we are to follow the Rule Utilitarian we would accept the new technology which affects the certainty and richness of the employees that work for the company. On the other end of the spectrum an act utilitarian has given me advice as well based on their perspective. Based on the characteristics of an act utilitarian their advice would be different that a rule. I would be advised to maintain the happened and always act on maintaining that. In this sense that would be hiding the truth so that no one loses their jobs and we find a cheaper solution. The main goal for them to tell me is to do whatever is necessary for happiness to be maintained. Listening to my coworker's advice would provide the happiness I need.
In this particular situation I would get all the information before I made any type of situation, meaning I would want comprehensive reports on the effects of each outcome. Before I make serious decisions I always think about the consequences regardless of whether it makes someone happy or not. I think in this situation I would hide