This essay Chapter 7 Textnotes has a total of 1527 words and 9 pages.
Chapter 7 Textnotes
NameYufang HuangPeriod 4
Presidency Chart - Thomas Jefferson (1801 - 1809)
Significant members of Cabinet
Marbury vs. Madison
Secretary of State: James Madison
Secretary of Treasury: Samuel Dexter, Albert Gallatin
Secretary of War: Henry Dearborn
Attorney General: Levi Lincoln, Robert Smith, John Breckinridge, Caesar Rodney
Secretary of Navy: Benjamin Stoddert, Robert Smith
In Marbury vs. Madison the Supreme Court announced for the first time the principle that a court may declare an act of Congress void if it is inconsistent with the Constitution. Marbury had been appointed a justice of the peace for the District of Columbia in the final hours of the Adams administration (part of midnight judges). When Madison, Jefferson\'s secretary of state, refused to deliver Marbury\'s commission, Marbury, joined by three other similarly situated appointees, petitioned for a writ of mandamus compelling delivery of the commissions. Chief Justice John Marshall, writing for a unanimous Court, denied the petition and refused to issue the writ. Although he found that the petitioners were entitled to their commissions, he held that the Constitution did not give the Supreme Court the power to issue writs of mandamus. He also proposed the judicial review, which strengthened the judicial branch\'s power significantly compared to before.
Describe what Jeffersonian Democracy is
Jeffersonian democracy is a term used for the political ideals of Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), the third U.S. president, and his followers from the 1790s until the presidency of Andrew Jackson in the 1830s. Jefferson advocated a political system that favored public education, free voting, free press, limited government and agrarian democracy and shied away from aristocratic rule. Although these were his personal beliefs, his presidency (1801-1809) often veered from these values.
Louisiana Purchase (1803): The 1803 Louisiana Purchase was a massive western region of North America, consisting of 828,000 square miles, that was sold by France (Napoleon) to the US for 15 million dollars, about 3 cents per acre. The lands extended from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains between the Gulf of Mexico and the Canadian border, including the port of New Orleans.
Lewis & Clark expedition (1804-6): Lewis and Clark were sent by Jefferson to explore land gained from the Louisiana Purchase. Their mission was to explore the unknown territory, establish trade with the Natives and affirm the sovereignty of the United States in the region. One of their goals was to find a waterway from the US to the Pacific Ocean. Lewis and Clark commanded the Corps of Discovery which consisted of 33 people, including one Indian woman and one slave.
Hamilton- Burr Duel (1804): Burr, a Republican, and Hamilton, a Federalist, had been bitter political rivals for years, beginning when Burr took Hamilton\'s father-in-law\'s seat in Congress. On July 11, 1804, they met on the dueling grounds at Weehawken, New Jersey, to fight the final skirmish of a long-lived political and personal battle. When the duel was over, Hamilton would be mortally wounded, and Burr would be wanted for murder.
Chase impeachment trial (1804): Samuel Chase was a Federalist justice on the Supreme Court in the early 1800s. Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans were frustrated with some of his decisions, so in 1804 the House of Representatives voted to impeach him. In 1805 the Senate voted to NOT remove Samuel Chase from the Supreme Court. This decision was incredibly significant. This helped establish the precedent that judges would not be impeached based on their views.
Burr Conspiracy and trial (1807): Burr\'s attempt to take over Louisiana and secede from the nation (take Mexico from Spanish control and found a new nation); established the definition of treason and Burr was not found guilty because he never actually took up arms (not enough evidence).
Conflict with the Barbary Pirates (1801 - 05): The Barbary Wars (or Tripolitan Wars) were two wars between the United States of America and Barbary States in North Africa in the early 19th century. At issue was the pirates\' demand of tribute from American merchant vessels in the Mediterranean Sea. American naval power attacked the pirate cities and extracted concessions of fair passage from their rulers.
British Orders in Council (1806-07): The Orders in Council was a law passed by the English Parliament in 1793. It was when the British were fighting the French. The British closed off all port vessels that France went through so they couldn\'t get supplies. American ships were
Topics Related to Chapter 7 Textnotes
Presidency of Thomas Jefferson, War, United States, United KingdomUnited States relations, 10th United States Congress, Embargo Act, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, Origins of the War, ChesapeakeLeopard Affair, Levi Lincoln, Sr., Jeffersonian democracy
Essays Related to Chapter 7 Textnotes
Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt Outline Thesis: Theodore Roosevelt's political presence altered the course of the United States, transforming it into a superpower fully ready to handle the challenges of any opposition, and changed the role of the president and executive branch of US government, making it a force to be reckoned with. I. Introduction II. Before Roosevelt A. Post-Reconstructionist Views B. The Industrial Revolution C. The Gilded Age 1. Railroads 2. Robber Barons 3. Immigration 4. Standard Quest
Andrew JacksonAndrew Jackson Born to Irish immigrants on March 15, 1767, Andrew Jackson was to become the first rags to riches President the country had ever seen. He grew up in South Carolina and fought in the Revolutionary War at only thirteen. His entire immediate family, parents and siblings, died as a cause of the war, whether it was being killed in battle or death from disease. He went on to serve two terms as the seventh President of the U.S., leaving behind a legacy of administrative policy and even
The Life Of Abraham LincolnThe Life of Abraham Lincoln Although other states such as Indiana lay claim to his birth, most sources agree that Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in a backwoods cabin in Hodgeville, Kentucky. In an interview during his campaign for the presidency in 1860 Lincoln described his adolescence as the short and simple annals of the poor. (p 30). His father Thomas was a farmer who married Nancy Hanks, his mother, in 1806. Lincoln had one sister, Sarah, who was born in 1807. The Lincoln
Time For Reform? Considering The Failures Of The Electoral CollegeTime For Reform? Considering The Failures of The Electoral College Description: This paper discusses the many shortcomings of the Electoral College, and posits possible alternative electoral processes which likely be more democratic. Time for Reform? Considering the failures of the Electoral College A common misconception among American is that when they vote they elect the President. The truth is not nearly this simple. What in fact happens when a person votes is that there vote goes for an Ele
The Press And Media Cause Rampant Swaying Of The Election Votes ThrougThe Press and Media Cause Rampant Swaying of the Election Votes Through Their Opinions and Reports Today, the press and media cause rampant swaying of the vote through their own opinions and reports. People are often misled with half-truths and believable rumors that can aid or ruin an election. Journalists and the newspapers often print things too hastily, without first investigating the truth or at least both sides of a story. Candidates abuse the media, using money as a pass to publicly sland
Dolly MadisonDolly Madison Dolly Payne Madison was born in Guilford County, North Carolina on May 20, 1768. Dolly was born the first girl in a family of several children to Quaker parents, John Payne and Mary Coles. She spent her childhood in Scotchtown, Virginia. The Paynes were well connected and sufficiently prosperous, small planters in Hanover County.1 The Quaker house forbade festivity, shunned amusement and frowned upon the world's vanities. After a preliminary visit to Philadelphia, John Payne retu
With Malice Toward NoneWith Malice Toward None About the Author Stephen B. Oates is a professor of history at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and the author of eight other books, including The Fires of Jubilee and To Purge This Land with Blood. His task in this biography was to perpetuate Lincoln as he was in the days he lived. His purpose of this biography was to bring the past into the present for us and his students. The Life of Abraham Lincoln Although other states such as Indiana lay claim to his birth,
Juidical ReviewJuidical Review In 1717, Bishop Hoadly told King George I, Whoever hath an absolute authority to interpret written or spoken laws; it is he who is truly the lawgiver to all intents and purposes and not the person who wrote or spoke them (Pollack, 153). Early sentiments similar these have blossomed in to a large scale debate over which branch of our government has the power to overturn laws that do not follow the foundations of our democratic system; the constitution. In this paper I will discu
The U.S. ConstitutionThe U.S. Constitution Article Five, clause two of the United States Constitution states, under the Authority of the United States, [the Constitution] shall be the supreme law of the land. As a result of the fact that the current activist government is pursuing inconsistent policies, many believe the Constitution has become irrelevant because no guiding principles seem to exist. ThomasJefferson once said, The Constitution belongs to the living and not to the dead. Accordingly, it is often re
Thomas JeffersonThomasJeffersonThomasJefferson is remembered in history not only for the offices he held, but also for his belief in the natural rights of man as expressed in the Declaration of Independence and his faith in the people's ability to govern themselves. He left an impact on his times equaled by few others in American history. Born on April 13, 1743, Jefferson was the third child in the family and grew up with six sisters and one brother. Though he opposed slavery, his family had owned slaves. Fr
JFKJFK John Fitzgerald Kennedy 35th president of the United States, the youngest person ever to be elected president. He was also the first Roman Catholic president and the first president to be born in the 20th century. Kennedy was assassinated before he completed his third year as president. Therefore his achievements were limited. Nevertheless, his influence was worldwide, and his handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis may have prevented war. Young people especially liked him. No other president w
George WashingtonGeorge Washington Washington, George (1732-99), commander in chief of the Continental army during the American Revolution, and later the first president of the United States. He symbolized qualities of discipline, aristocratic duty, military orthodoxy, and persistence in adversity that his contemporaries particularly valued as marks of mature political leadership. Washington was born on February 22, 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, the eldest son of Augustine Washington, a Virginia plante
Thomas JeffersonThomasJeffersonThomasJeffersonThomasJeffersonJefferson was born at Shadwell, his father's home in Albemarle county, Va., on April 13, 1743. His father, Peter Jefferson, a man of legendary strength, was a successful planter and surveyor who gained minor title to fame as an explorer and mapmaker. His prominence in his own locality is attested by the fact that he served as a burgess and as county lieutenant. Jefferson later held the same offices. Through his mother, Jane Randolph, a member of
Thomas JeffersonThomasJeffersonThomasJefferson is remembered in history not only for the offices he held, but also for his belief in the natural rights of man as expressed in the Declaration of Independence and his faith in the people?s ability to govern themselves. Through his political career, ThomasJefferson advocated democratic principles and adhered to his liberal ideology. However, as a president he found it difficult to maintain these policies in the noisy arena of politics. Consequently, circumstanc
Samuel AdamsSamuel Adams Let us contemplate out forefathers, and posterity, and resolve to maintain the rights bequeathed to us from the former, for the sake of the latter. The necessity of the times, more than ever, calls for our utmost circumspection, deliberation, fortitude, and perseverance. Let us remember that 'if we suffer tamely a lawless attack upon our liberty, we encourage it, and involve others in our doom.' It is a very serious consideration that millions yet unborn may be the miserable sharer
John AdamsJohn Adams John Quincy Adams was the only son of a president to become president. He had an impressive political background that began at the age of fourteen. He was an intelligent and industrious individual. He was a man of strong character and high principles. By all account, his presidency should have been a huge success, yet it wasn't. John Quincy Adams' presidency was frustrating and judged a failure because of the scandal, attached to his election, the pettiness of his political rivals, an
George WashingtonGeorge Washington George Washington was the commander in chief of the Continental army during the American Revolution, and later the first president of the United States. He symbolized qualities of discipline, nobleness, military orthodoxy, and persistence in hard times that his contemporaries particularly valued as marks of complete political leadership. Washington was born on February 22, 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, the eldest son of Augustine Washington, a Virginia planter, and Ma
The ConstitutionThe Constitution The Constitution Right from the beginning of it?s creation the constitution of the United States has been a shaky document. The very basis for it being there was in fact illegal. The story of American politics starts with the Declaration of Independence. This document was brilliantly written by ThomasJefferson and compacted all of the great ideas of enlightenment into one short easy to read paper. The declaration stated all of the ideals the new American nation would strive for
Thomas Woodrow WilsonThomas Woodrow Wilson Thomas Woodrow Wilson, twenty-eighth president of the United States, might have suffered from dyslexia. He never could read easily, but developed a strong power of concentration and a near-photographic memory. The outbreak of World War I coincided with the death of Wilson's first wife Ellen Axson, who he was passionately devoted to. Seven months after her death his friends introduced him to Edith Bolling Galt, a descendant of the Indian princess Pocahontas, they were marri
A Definite Difference Of Opinions A Definite Difference of Opinions During the development of the young country of the United States of America, everyone had the ability to include their opinions on any subject. But many times, only a few voices were actually listened to. In this case ThomasJefferson, a Republican, and Alexander Hamilton, a Federalist, were two of the most prominent people in the production of this government. Although disagreement was very common with these two, their contradictions definitely attributed to t
John Fitzgerald Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy 35th president of the United States, the youngest person ever to be elected president. He was also the first Roman Catholic president and the first president to be born in the 20th century. Kennedy was assassinated before he completed his third year as president. Therefore his achievements were limited. Nevertheless, his influence was worldwide, and his handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis may have prevented war. Young people especially liked him.
THE ROBBER BARONS OF THE 19TH CENTURY THE ROBBER BARONS OF THE 19TH CENTURY Cornelius Vanderbuilt... ... an ill educated, ungrammatical, coarse, and ruthless, but clear-visioned man. He started his millions in the steamboat industry. As a young boy he went to work for a small steamboat owner, Thomas Gibbons. After learning how to operate a steamboat, he designed one and persuaded Gibbons to build it. Vanderbuilt's slogans of low prices for superior rates attracted many customers. But an unknown to the passengers was that the food a
Thomas JeffersonThomasJefferson wished to be remembered for three achievements in his public life. He had served as governor of Virginia, as U.S. minister to France, as secretary of state under George Washington, as vice-president in the administration of John Adams, and as president of the United States from 1801 to 1809. On his tombstone, however, which he designed and for which he wrote the inscription, there is no mention of these offices. Rather, it reads that ThomasJefferson was author of the Declarati
IntroductionJohn Adams was the 2nd president of the United States of America. His family had been in America for generations when he was born October 30, 1735. His father taught him how to read before he entered school. Then he quickly went to Cleverly\'s Latin school and then studied under Joseph Marsh before becoming a student at Harvard College in 1751 graduating in four years and then studying law. He was then admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1758. Adams began his career as a lawyer. He successfully
John Adams: The Greatest Mind In PoliticsJohn Adams: The Greatest Mind in Politics John Adams is generally not considered to be one of the Founding Fathers. In spite of this, his legacy might even be more important than that of George Washington, who greatly overshadowed Adams. The way he felt toward his position as Washington?s vice president helped to form his political beliefs. His ideas about the way the American government system should go greatly influenced our current government system. While, Adams hated his terms as Vice Presi
Chapter 7 Textnotes APUSH- Kloster Chapter 7 Textnotes NameYufang HuangPeriod 4 Presidency Chart - ThomasJefferson (1801 - 1809) Significant members of Cabinet Marbury vs. Madison Secretary of State: James Madison Secretary of Treasury: Samuel Dexter, Albert Gallatin Secretary of War: Henry Dearborn Attorney General: Levi Lincoln, Robert Smith, John Breckinridge, Caesar Rodney Secretary of Navy: Benjamin Stoddert, Robert Smith In Marbury vs. Madison the Supreme Court announced for the first time the principle t
Chapter 7 Textnotes APUSH- Kloster Chapter 7 Textnotes NameYufang HuangPeriod 4Due10-21-15 Presidency Chart - Washington (1789-1797) Significant members of his Cabinet Judiciary Act of 1789 Henry Knox: Secretary of War ThomasJefferson: Department of State Alexander Hamilton: Department of Treasury In 1789 Congress passed this Act which created the federal-court system. The act managed to quiet popular apprehensions by establishing in each state a federal district court that operated according to local proc
Chapter 6 Textnotes APUSH- Kloster Chapter 6 Textnotes NameYufang Huang Period4 Due________________________ Terms Federalists: Supported a strong central government, advocated the ratification of the new constitution; included Alexander Hamilton Anti-Federalists: Opposed a strong central government, skeptical about undemocratic tendencies in the Constitution, insisted on Bill of Rights; included ThomasJefferson and James Monroe Loyalists/Tories: American colonists that remained loyal to British monarchy 3/5 Compr