Chapter 9 Case Study :

Instructions :
Read the Case Study, view the film, then answer ONE of the questions, using information from the film, Case Study, and textbook.
Across Russia's many landscapes, geography influences the problems people face and the solutions they are considering since the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
1.  Define continentality. What factors of continentality affect Vologda?
2.  Explain the role of collective farming in the centrally planned economy of the former Soviet Union.
3. How have the previously state-owned collective farms changed with privatization? 
4.  Discuss the origins of St. Petersburg and the geographic factors contributing to its role as a center of economic activity.                
5. Discuss the influences of communism and the city's future now that a free market economy has returned.

Must be 3-5 paragraphs and questions at end must beanswered and MUST BE CITED at the end.  
7. Northwest Contrast St. Petersburg: Russia's Window on the West — What challenges continue to face this Russian port in post-Soviet society? 
Vologda: Russian Farming in Flux — How have previously state-owned collective farms changed with privatization? 
(Remember, you may need to click on the Video link twice to start the film)

Northwest Contrast - St. Petersburg and Vologda
Across Russia's many landscapes, geography influences the problems people face and the solutions they are considering since the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
 The case study St. Petersburg: Russia's Window on the West shows a capital city originally founded to link Tsarist Russia to the culture of Western Europe. Under Communist rule and isolationism, the city lost its preeminence, its name, and, in part, the strength of its economic base as a port city. Emergence of the market system has introduced serious problems into its economy, but it has also presented new opportunities for revitalization.
St. Petersburg: A City of Russian and European InfluencesSt. Petersburg was established in 1703 in the place where the low-lying delta of the Neva River meets the Gulf of Finland. Peter the Great deliberated, located and planned this seaport to provide a link to the rest of the European continent. In later years, this city that incubated the Communist Revolution was renamed Leningrad and saw its status as Russia's capital lost to Moscow.
 Now the physical and social structure of the city is in many ways a living artifact of socialist policies practiced for more than seventy years. The resulting functions and structures in this city illustrate the problems the Russian economy faces as it undergoes a transition from communism to a market economy where competition rewards individual initiative.
As the fourth most populous city west of the Ural Mountains (behind Moscow, London, and Paris), St. Petersburg is now open to the influence of Western ways and to trade in goods from the rest of the European continent. The city, once again called St. Petersburg, is reorienting itself toward the West in the area of free market real estate.
Location, Location, LocationIn a market economy approach to real estate valuation, location is a key factor in setting prices for the conversion of government-subsidized housing to private ownership. Proximity to the historical center of the city, the central business district, parks and recreation, and mass transit plays a large role in this new equation. Not only does the consideration of location and its value occur within the city, but St. Petersburg's international orientation and its potential comparative advantage adds to market price estimates.
Key Terms
 • Relative Location
 • Europeanization
 • Privatization
 • Free Market Economy
 • New Russians
Case Study 2 -- Vologda: Russian Farming in Flux
 The case study Vologda: Russian Farming in Flux shows us a quintessential Russia. This region of the northwest interior, which surrounds the administrative center bearing its name, is remote and rural. Many of the changes that have occurred since the collapse of the Soviet Union have not yet reached Vologda. We focus on Voldoga's dairy industry, the logical agricultural activity given the region's harsh, continental climate. Although there is evidence of entrepreneurial activity, we find an uncertain future as most farms have not privatized, investment money is scarce, markets are hard to find, and most farmers have yet to make the "mental transition" to a free market philosophy. In some ways, collective farms here operate in much the same fashion as they did under communist rule.
Difficult Physical Conditions Shape Activity in Vologda
The northern latitude and inland locations