Charlie Parker
Jazz is full of rich culture and historical figures who changed the face of music and culture in our society. Among some of the jazz genres most influential figures is Charlie Parker. Charlie was a saxophonist and composer through the 1930\'s and up until his death in 1955. He is most known for being the leader in jazz\'s sub genre "bebop". According to Miles Davis, another jazz musician, he had said, "You can tell the history of jazz in four words: Louis Armstrong. Charlie Parker."
Born on August 29, 1920 and Hailing from Kansas City, Charlie Parker was an only child raised by his parents Charles and Addie Parker. He dropped out of High school during adolescence and joined the local Musicians Union. He had played saxophone ever since he was 11 years old and played for his school\'s band before dropping out. He was always very determined and practiced saxophone immensely and was very into the jazz genre.
Over time charlie\'s practice had paid off and he then mastered the technique of improvisation and began developing some ideas that he eventually developed into bebop. He started playing around with local bands in jazz clubs around Kansas City, which is how he met pianist Jay McShann and the Territory band. Him and the band toured and even went as far as New York City and Chicago. After a while however he decided to leave the band while living in New York city which is then when he met Dizzy Gillespie, a fellow composer as well as a trumpeter. The two eventually became a duo and played and created music together for years.
1939 is when Charlie Parker claims he really created the method of bebop. He was performing "cherokee" in a jam session with a man named William Fleet, a fellow performer who played guitar. This breakthrough of his was mostly derived from his realization that the twelve tones in the chromatic scale lead melodically to any key. With this it now changed the way of his soloing and broke through the confines of the previous methods of soloing in jazz music. One he put this new method out in the open it was widely rejected by many jazz artists, mainly older performers who clung to the more traditional forms of jazz. Once created the public still did not hear about or really even know anything of the bebop subgenre of jazz because of a two year ban the Musicians Union had against commercial recording and its companies. After the ban was lifted in 1945, Charlie and Dizzy began bringing bebop into the public eye and had a real impact on the jazz community and its fans. It then began growing more and more appeal over time. "Ko-Ko" was a song Charlie recorded with Dizzy Gillespie, and Miles davis. This song became one of the most famous songs of the bebop era. This new genre of jazz known as bebop forever changed the way musicians approached and perceived jazz music. Whether one found the genre appealing or not it still opened up many previously untapped possibilities as to the way jazz music can be created and performed.
With all of Charlie Parker\'s success he also had a tragic flaw in a serious drug addiction. He had became a heroin addict which inevitably was one of the factors that led to his death. His drug addiction caused him to miss performances and lose jobs. He even did desperate things to pay for his addiction such as pawning off his instruments for money. Charlie\'s drug addiction even had gotten to the point where he was admitted to the hospital and had to stay hospitalized for a duration of time. This led him to compose and record a new song known as "Relaxin\' at Carmarillo" which is a reference to the hospital.
After some time away from being hospitalized Charlie Parker began to follow up on his long desire to create and perform with a string section of instruments. He started a project known as Thirds Stream which incorporated jazz and classical elements and were shared equally throughout the music. The album was named "Charlie Parker with Strings". Some critics thought of this departure as Charlie selling out but it