Crime in the Hood
Nathan A Walker
CJS231
08/22/2016
JP Lapre

Crime in the Hood
 The two cities I chose to compare crime rates are Indianapolis and Chicago. Since Chicago is just a bit bigger one could expect that the same amount of crimes are being committed.   Although geographically close to one another, crime rates can differ due to such factors as the unemployment rate or the make-up of the population within certain communities.   Population growth can also be considered an underlying factor in the differences in crime rate.   Nevertheless, both locations have experienced a substantial increase in crime, however, as determined by the Uniform Crime Report, UCR, this seems to be interpreted as a standard fact nationwide (Fbi.gov, 2010).     According to the Uniform Crime Report's data (Fbi.gov, 2014), the city of Chicago has more crimes reported in the year 2014 compared to reports from Indianapolis. Violent crimes according to national and regional figures, has become more of an issue for both of these cities.   In 2014, Chicago with a population of 2,722,389, reported a total of 24,133 violent crimes, while Indianapolis with a population of 1,462,000 reported a total of 10,806 violent crimes (Fbi.gov, 2014).   A startling 410 murders were reported in Chicago and 132 murders for Indianapolis and yet it is even more shocking to know there are far more forcible rapes that occur in both of these areas.   I would think that population size, diversity and other environmental factors have something to do with the differences in these numbers. The murder numbers in Indianapolis was at its highest number ever with most of them occurring in the summer time. The numbers in Chicago were considered to have dropped at the time they were reported. Both of the cities are in the top ten when it comes to homicide.
Chicago has a problem it has a reputation for strict gun laws, and gun rights advocates often point to it as proof that gun regulation doesn't reduce violence. But its laws aren't what they used to be. Federal courts struck down its ban on handgun ownership in 2010, and its ban on gun sales in 2014 and guns were easily available from nearby states, especially Indiana. Another problem Chicago is facing is lack of officers, Chicago's police department is about 1,000 officers short of authorized strength and is facing a large number of looming retirements while few new recruits are brought in due to budget constraints. This clearly has had an impact on the spike in violence. Another factor that is huge in Chicago is the high rise projects like Cabrini-Green and the Robert Taylor Homes were yesterday's national shame as hotbeds of crime and the killing of youths. Chicago was really aggressive when it came to these places and all of the high rises were destroyed. While this perhaps reduced localized crime, it destroyed the only homes many people had ever known, and, like depopulation, destroyed significant social capital and possibly simply redistributed and dispersed crime further into the city.
The city of Indianapolis is experiencing the same kind of numbers if you compare the population numbers. Despite the number being down at the midyear point, a total of 144 men, women and children were slain in Indianapolis in 2014, up from the 138 criminal homicides recorded last year, and one more than the previous all-time high of 143 recorded in 1998.
When including the murders investigated by the smaller communities located inside of Indy such as Beech Grove, Speedway, Lawrence, Cumberland and the Indiana State Police, the total number of criminal homicides last year in Indianpolis becomes 150.  A closer look at the Indy numbers reveals that 13 of the victims were under the age of 18. Fourteen of the suspects were also juveniles. In 2010 there were 93 murders in Indianapolis. There were 96 each in 2011 and 2012. The trend seemed to be heading downward from a high of 140 murders in 2006 - the second-bloodiest year in the city's history. The deadliest year on record is 1998, when 143 people were the victims of criminal homicide. But in 2013 that direction changed. The city saw 126 people murdered a jump of 30 victims from the previous year. In 2014,