Criminal Profiling Writing Assignment #1
Carolina A. Corral
Red Rocks Community College













Abstract
This paper explores a few of the elements in a criminal investigation and how they all connect and interlink together. It defines criminal investigation itself along with criminal profiling and the two types of reasoning; inductive and deductive. It further examines the value of these components for criminal investigation and how they are implemented and what they entail. Criminal profiling surrounds the study of several different things such as criminology, psychology and psychiatry, and forensic science. It analyzes behavior, characteristics, and evidence to construct a profile which assists the process of a criminal investigation. Inductive reasoning helps to conjure up a starting point for a profile and deductive reasoning finalizes a conclusion. This is only a few of the many ways these types of reasoning's are utilized. All the work conducted within those aspects applies to criminal investigations. This paper also examines the works of Brent E. Turvey's textbook: Criminal Profiling: An Introduction to Behavioral Evidence Analysis Fourth Edition .









Criminal Profiling Writing Assignment #1
Criminal profiling and inductive and deductive reasoning are contributors to criminal investigation. A closer look will be taken into these components and what they are defined as and what purpose they serve in an investigation. It will be noted that they often interlink and react with each other. Inductive reasoning provides a starting point for a particular conclusion which then relates to a profile that may be applied to a criminal investigation. Each aspect is individually valuable and essential in the investigative process because they are stepping stones for solving such investigations.
Criminal investigations include several different aspects, some of those being criminal profiling and deductive and inductive reasoning. Criminal investigation is defined by Brent E. Turvey as being: " tasked with serving the criminal justice system by establishing the objective facts and evidence of a given case" ( Turvey , 2011, p. 756-757). Criminal profiling plays into this because it is defined as " the study of crime and criminal behavior (criminology), the study of mental health and illness (psychology and psychiatry), and the examination of physical e vidence (the forensic sciences)" ( Turvey , 2011, p. 2018). To acquire physical evidence in an investigation, the application of forensic science is necessary and this is utilized in criminal profiling thus profiling is implemented into criminal investigations and vice versa. One cannot work without the other because they are equally vital in solving cases.
Criminal profiling has been around for a very long time. It was utilized with the demoni zation of Jews in Rome, in the Salem Witch Trials, and even during the Spanish Inquisition. A criminal profile is created consisting of attributes and characteristics of a person or group of people being accused or accredited to a crime. It is better defined as: "A collection of inferences about the qualities of the person responsible for committin g a crime or a series of crimes" ( Turvey , 2011, p. 2834). This is a valuable process because it helps establish a physically and mentally inclusive image of the offender for a particular crime thus aiding in the investigation towards catching and arresting said offender.
Another component of criminal investigation is inductive and deductive reasoning. Both reasoning's help to construct arguments and inferences valid for the investigation. The textbook defines inductive reasoning as " a type of inference that proceeds from a set of specific observations to a generalization, called a premise. This premise is a working assumption, but it may not always be valid " ( Turvey , 2011, p. 3134) . In other words, inductive reasoning is a type of inference that entails from certain facts or observations translated into a general principle or premise. Deductive reasoning is defined as, " proceed [ ing ] from a generalization to a specific case " ( Turvey , 2011, p. 3135). Deduction logically follows induction, if the premise is true, then the conclusions must also be true. This is applicable to criminal investigations because criminal profiles start with inductive reasoning. Observations and generalizations are made about a person or group and then applied to the profile of characteristics and behavior. A conclusion is