Depression




Victoria Vincent






What are Psychological Disorders and Abnormal Behavior?
Psychological Disorders
Psychological disorders are a pattern of psychological symptoms which impact multiple life areas and create distress for the person who is experiencing such disorders.

Abnormal Behavior
Any behavior which deviates from the normal behavior or behavior shown by a normal functioning person is said to be an abnormal behavior.




Classification of Depression:
Depression belongs to Mood Disorders.
Researchers indicate that over 20.8 percent of the people have suffered from mood disorders (Carter & Seifert, 2013).
Mood disorders are marked by fluctuations in emotional states and can include Problematic social functioning, thinking, behaviors, and physical symptoms unlike:
Personality disorders which involve extreme, global personality traits that are chronic and pervasive.
Anxiety disorders which are marked by feelings of nervousness, distress, apprehension, and often disruptive attempts to diminish anxiety.
Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders where symptoms of a physical illness that are unexplained by a general medical condition.
Dissociative Disorders which involve a sudden loss of the integration of consciousness, memory, for events and experiences in a personís life.
Psychotic disorders which involve a loss of contact with reality.
(Carter & Seifert, 2013)





What is Depression?
Depression is a state where feelings of intense sadness including feeling helpless, worthless last for a longer period of time such that it hinders with the normal routine ("Depression Center: Symptoms, Causes, Medications, and Therapies," n.d.).

Symptoms are:
Depressed mood
Fatigue or loss of energy
Significant weight loss or weight gain
Feeling helpless
Short temperedness
Aggression
Less concentration and indecisiveness
No control over thoughts


Treatment Options:

Psychotherapy
This involves meeting with a psychiatrist or a trained mental health expert and working with the professional in dealing with depression.
Anti-Depressants
These are the medications which are known to decrease depression by elevating mood levels and ease the sadness.
Exercises
Working out keeps mind away from negative thoughts and help keep depression away.

Pros & Cons:
Psychotherapy is beneficial since it involves trained professionals helping out a person. Costly and a depressed person may not want to seek professional help are the hurdles for it.
Anti-depressants work well with those who have a worse condition. Regular use can create a dependency which can cause other side-effects.
Exercise is cheap and natural way to help stay away from depression. It is beneficial only though for people with mild depression.


References
Carter, K., & Seifert, C. M. (2013). Learn psychology. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Depression Center: Symptoms, Causes, Medications, and Therapies. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/depression/
Depression Treatment Options -- MAOIs, SSRIs, and More. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/depression-treatment-options?page=2
What Is a Psychological Disorder? (n.d.). Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/psychotherapy/tp/psychological-disorders.htm