Dialect Journal
"…It will do away the force of the argument that God cursed Ham, and therefore American Slavery is right." (19)
AIM- he compares the cursing to slavery Purpose- Douglass uses the same reasoning of Noah's punishment on Ham's descendants as to why the descendants of Africa are slaves. He uses this to help justify racism and prejudices.
"If the lineal descendants of Ham are alone to be scripturally enslaved; it is certain that slavery at the south must soon become unscriptural." (19)

AIM- He wants slavery to become unscriptural
Purpose - Douglass uses a fallacy to say that because the descendants of Ham are scripturally enslaved then it must be true that slavery will unscriptural because that is what took place in the bible.
Imagery: "…heartrending shrieks of an aunt of mine, whom he used to tie up to a joist and whipped upon her naked back till she was literally covered with blood." (20)
AIM- Douglass shares his horrific memories from when he was a small boy.
Effect- Horror, Gruesome
Purpose- Douglass uses descriptive words to explain the horrific punishments slaves received and this creates feeling of sympathy in the reader.

Irony: "They find less difficulty with the want of beds, than the want of sleep." (11)
AIM- Explain that the slaves want sleep because they get little to no sleep at all
Effect - Pitiful
Purpose- Douglass explains that the slaves are worked so hard they could care less if they have a bed they simply want rest from the hardships they endure on a day to day basis.

Pathos: "The children unable to work in the field did not have neither shoes, stockings, jackets, nor trousers, given to them their clothing consisted of two coarse linen shirts per year. When these failed them, they went naked…" (23)
AIM- to show that not even the children had it easy
Effect- Sympathy
Purpose - Douglass tell us they got little clothes and tells us th at even children lived through bad conditions too. This creates feelings of pity in the reader because the children could n't work yet they went through rough things
Allusion: "To describe the wealth of colonel Lloyd would be almost equal to describing the riches of Job" (29-30)

AIM- To communicate how rich Colonel Lloyd was.
Effect- Shocking
Purpose- Douglass uses the richest man in the Bible, Job, to help the reader understand the mass wealth Colonel Lloyd obtained.
Parallelism: "He was just the man for such a place, and it was just the place for such a man" (32)
AIM- Mr. Gore and the plantation were perfect for each other.
Effect - Bitter
Purpose - Douglass explains that both were horrific and because of the likeness in both Mr. Gore and the plantation he words his sentences to show that they were basically meant to be.
Imagery: "His mangled Body sank out of sight, and blood and brains marked the water where he stood." (33)
AIM- It e xplains what happened to the slave for not listening.
Effect- Gruesome
Purpose- Douglass used very descriptive words to help the reader visualize the gruesomeness of the slave being killed and how no crime was called for the crime.
Slippery Slope: "He argued that if one slave refused to be corrected and escaped with his life, the other slaves would soon copy the example, the result of this which would be the freedom of slaves and enslavement of whites" (34)
AIM- Mr. Gore argues why he killed the slave.
Effect- Audacious
Purpose- explains that if they even let one slave steps out of line it will turn into a huge spiral going downwards for whites and soon be a terrible outcome for them.
Pathos: "I would crawl into this bag and there sleep on the damp, clay floor with my head in and feet out." (36)
AIM- Explains how he used to try and stay warm.
Effect- Sympathy, Pity
Purpose- Douglass explains to the readers how he used to have to sleep because of the lack of clothing, this creates a feeling of empathy for him as a small child.
Metaphor: "Her face was made of heavenly smiles and her voice of tranquil music" (40)