Egypt-Israeli Conflict and the West



The History of the conflict in the Middle East is long and

well documented. To both, and to many biased observers the history

of the Egyptian/Israeli conflict is very one sided, with one

government, or one people causing the continued wars between the

two neighboring states. But, as any social scientist of any reputation

will state, all international conflicts have more than one side, and

usually are the result of events surrounding, and extending over the

parties involved. Thus, using this theory as a basis, we must assume

that the conflict between Israel and Egypt is more complicated than a

partial observer would see it. For the purpose of this paper, we are

going to examine the basic factors of Egypt's Involvement and conflict

with Israel, with some emphasis on the involvement of the United

State, and the Western Nation in this conflict. Also, I wish to pay

particular attention to the question of who, or what brought these

countries into conflict. Were they both victims of their situation, or

did they become actively involved in promoting conflict, or perhaps a

third party source, such as the US pushed them into conflict?



In 1948, the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of

Israel was read by David Ben-Gurion in Tel Aviv. The Egyptians, like

most of the Arab states saw this as a creation of a Western State,

backed by the British Empire, and thus an imperialistic entity in the

Arab homeland. Considering the past 20 years of the Egyptian state,

and of most of the Arab nations, was a continual conflict again

imperial powers, the Egyptian were naturally weary and afraid of any

new imperialistic powers developing in the Middle East. In September

1947, the League of Arab States decided to resist by force the plan

for the partition of Palestine into an Arab and a Jewish State, and

when the Jewish state was created, the armies of the various Arab

states entered into Palestine to save the country for the Arabs again

"Zionist" aggression. The Arabs were defeated and the Arab Countries

saved a small amount of land, the Transjordon, and the West Bank.

Similarly Egypt saved strip of territory around Gaza.



The causes of this war, and Egypt's involved can be examined

in several ways. Obviously, the creation of the State of Israel by

Ben-Gurion and his supporters provided a excuse for the Arab Nations,

and Egypt to attack the Jewish population in Israel. As mentioned, the

Egyptians saw the formation of Israel as an Imperialist state, and

they were defending the land for the Palestinians, and more

importantly for the newly developing arab unity. While the United

States was not actively involved in the war, either by providing arms

or providing much assiezce, their actions did create an interesting

and volatile atmosphere. As soon as the state of Israel was created,

the United State quickly recognized the state and started diplomatic

relations with the newly formed government. At the same time, the USSR

recognized Israel, not wishing the US to be seen as the champion for

the newly found state. Although there is no definitive proof, one can

assume that Egypt, and the rest of the Arab nations felt the need to

quickly react to the situation, in almost a type of fear that powers

outside their Arab influence, such as the United States were quickly

impeding on their territory, by using Israel as a means of their

peaceful aggression.



Still, Egypt was clearly the main aggressor in this inezce,

and was not defending their own territory, but instead attempting to

obtain territory, which they did succeed in acquiring, through the

Gaza Strip. The Egyptian actions quickly set the tone of conflict in

the Middle East, giving the Israelis no option but the take an initial

purely military response in defense of their newly formed state. In

the minds of the Israeli leaders, Egypt was nothing but a threat to

the existence of the Jewish state, and thus, perhaps rightly, should

only be dealt with as an enemy.



From the outcome of this poorly prepared war emerged Gamal

Abdul Nasser, who commanded an Egyptian Army in Palestine. He

organized a clandestine group inside the army called the Free

Officers. After the war against Israel, the Free Officers began to

plan for a revolutionary overthrow of the government. In 1949 nine of

the Free Officers formed the Committee of the