England had the best type of government during the age of absolutism (1500-1789) in Europe.

England was a constitutional monarch which meant that the power of the monarch (the king or queen)

was limited by the laws made by the parliament.

England's government was different from that of most other countries in that most of Europe

during that time was ruled by absolute rulers, but England was ruled by a monarchy and the


The relationship between the kings and the parliament sometimes were good and sometimes

they were bad. For example, the relationship between Charles I and the parliament was really bad.

The parliament forced Chares I to sign the Petition of Rights (signed in 1628, it prohibited the

king from raising taxes without the consent of the parliament) because of Charles' behavior of

trying to run the country as an absolute monarch by raising taxes and imprisoning people without

a trial, but after signing the petition Charles ignored it. Later on Charles brought in troops

to try to arrest certain members of parliament but was unsuccessful, and very soon a civil war

broke out (1642-1649) between those who supported the king (Cavaliers) and those who supported

the parliament (Roundheads). But the king lost the war and was tried and executed by the


The relationship of Henry VIII and the parliament was really good. Most of the time Henry

consulted the parliament. When he needed Parliament to approve the Act of Supremacy which would

justify his actions with the Catholic Church. When he needed money to help him fight overseas

wars he went to the parliament for help. He also went to parliament when he wanted to raise taxes

and parliament usually always voted in favor of Henry VIII. This relationship with the parliament

made him popular with the people and well liked by the people and the parliament as well.

During this time parliament insured that it's own power by reducing the power of the

monarch. One way was by forcing Charles to sign the Petition of Rights, which was supposed to

give right to the parliament and the people and limit the power of the monarch. Parliament also

had a civil war with the monarch and won which insured that there would be no absolute monarchy

and that got rid of monarchy for 7 years in England. The parliament forced William and Mary to

sign the Bill of Rights (signed in 1689) which made sure that the monarch summoned the parliament

regularly, stopped any Catholics from being on the throne, and may other things.