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Famous People of the Civil War
Ullysses S. Grant
Ulysses Simpson Grant served effectively with Zachary Taylor's
army at Monterey during the Mexican war. Right when the war began
Grant obtained a position on the staff of General George McClellan.
During the war he showed courage in both physically and morally
manners. In February 1862 Grant captured Fort Henry and Fort Donelson
with help from the Federal navy. In October he was appointed commander
of the Department of Tennessee, and told to take Vicksburg,
Mississippi. Earl Van Dorn captured Grant's base at Holly Springs and
he had to retreat. In 1864 Grant was promoted to lieutenant general
and named general in chief of all federal armies. In April 1865 Grant
forced Lee to surrender after an 88 mile pursuit. Grant was elected
president in 1868 and served two terms.
Robert E. Lee
During the Mexican war Lee was an engineering officer with
Winfield Scott's force. Jefferson Davis appointed Lee a general in the
southern army in 1861. He was not successful in preventing an invasion
of western Virginia, so he was sent to the Atlantic Coastal defense.
In 1862 when Joseph E. Johnston was wounded, Lee became commander of
the confederate army in Virginia. In Richmond Lee drove the unionist
away from the capital in the Seven Days' Battles. In August he
defeated the Northern army in the second Battle of Bull Run. In May
1863 Lee won his greatest victory but also suffered his worst loss in
life. The Unionist were driven back with heavy casualties. The
following year Lee led his army against a series of bloody attacks
against the Northern Army commanded by Ulysses S. Grant. Robert Lee
was one of the best commanders during the Civil War and was an
Stonewall Jackson was a confederate general in the American
Civil War. He joined the Confederate army in 1861 and later fought in
the first battle of Bull Run. There he earned his nickname, "like a
stone wall". In 1863 Jackson commanded a Confederate army in the
Shenandoah Valley, and he defeated Federal generals whose strength was
several times his own. In May of 1863 Jackson was in command of more
than half of all the Confederate army and made an attack on the
Federal army. After returning one night he was accidentally shot by
some of his own men.
James Ewell Brown Stuart was a Confederate officer in the
Civil War. He is probably the most famous soldier in Robert E. Lee's
Army. In the Gettysburg campaign, Stuart went on a controversial raid
around the Federal army when Lee most needed him to gather
intelligence. He arrived after the Battle of Gettysburg was over. A
number of people think that the Confederate defeat was mainly Stuart's
fault. On May 11, 1864 Stuart was badly wounded. He died the next day.
Hooker was named a general in 1861 an was known as fighting
Joe. During the Mexican War he received three brevets for bravery. He
commanded the army of the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville,
he lost and was replaced before Gettysburg. In November 1863 he won
the Battle of Lookout Mountain at Chattanooga. In 1864 Hooker served
under William Sherman in Georgia. He resigned because he wasn't
promoted after he served
George E. Pickett
George Pickett was a Confederate general during the Civil War.
He is most remembered for Pickett's charge at the Battle of
Gettysburg. Pickett graduated from West Point in 1846 and remained in
the U.S. Army until 1861, when he joined the Confederate army. On July
3, 1863 he led his troops on a spearhead attack on Cemetery Ridge that
was supposed to break through the center of the union line. This has
been called the Confederacy's "high-water mark".
Harriet Tubman was an abolitionist and a fugitive slave. She
was born to slave parents and escaped to freedom. In the 1850's she
made many journeys to free slaves through the Underground Railroad.
She was aided by abolitionists and Quakers, and John Brown who
consulted with her for the Harpers Ferry raid in 1859. During the
Civil War she served as an army cook, a nurse, and became a spy for
Maryland and Virginia. After the war she ran a home for elderly blacks
until her death.
Clara Barton is most remembered for organizing the American
Red Cross Society. As a young girl she was shy, but she overcame
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