Famous People of the Civil War



Ullysses S. Grant

Ulysses Simpson Grant served effectively with Zachary Taylor's

army at Monterey during the Mexican war. Right when the war began

Grant obtained a position on the staff of General George McClellan.

During the war he showed courage in both physically and morally

manners. In February 1862 Grant captured Fort Henry and Fort Donelson

with help from the Federal navy. In October he was appointed commander

of the Department of Tennessee, and told to take Vicksburg,

Mississippi. Earl Van Dorn captured Grant's base at Holly Springs and

he had to retreat. In 1864 Grant was promoted to lieutenant general

and named general in chief of all federal armies. In April 1865 Grant

forced Lee to surrender after an 88 mile pursuit. Grant was elected

president in 1868 and served two terms.





Robert E. Lee



During the Mexican war Lee was an engineering officer with

Winfield Scott's force. Jefferson Davis appointed Lee a general in the

southern army in 1861. He was not successful in preventing an invasion

of western Virginia, so he was sent to the Atlantic Coastal defense.

In 1862 when Joseph E. Johnston was wounded, Lee became commander of

the confederate army in Virginia. In Richmond Lee drove the unionist

away from the capital in the Seven Days' Battles. In August he

defeated the Northern army in the second Battle of Bull Run. In May

1863 Lee won his greatest victory but also suffered his worst loss in

life. The Unionist were driven back with heavy casualties. The

following year Lee led his army against a series of bloody attacks

against the Northern Army commanded by Ulysses S. Grant. Robert Lee

was one of the best commanders during the Civil War and was an

American hero.





Stonewall Jackson



Stonewall Jackson was a confederate general in the American

Civil War. He joined the Confederate army in 1861 and later fought in

the first battle of Bull Run. There he earned his nickname, "like a

stone wall". In 1863 Jackson commanded a Confederate army in the

Shenandoah Valley, and he defeated Federal generals whose strength was

several times his own. In May of 1863 Jackson was in command of more

than half of all the Confederate army and made an attack on the

Federal army. After returning one night he was accidentally shot by

some of his own men.



J.E.B. Stuart



James Ewell Brown Stuart was a Confederate officer in the

Civil War. He is probably the most famous soldier in Robert E. Lee's

Army. In the Gettysburg campaign, Stuart went on a controversial raid

around the Federal army when Lee most needed him to gather

intelligence. He arrived after the Battle of Gettysburg was over. A

number of people think that the Confederate defeat was mainly Stuart's

fault. On May 11, 1864 Stuart was badly wounded. He died the next day.





Joseph Hooker



Hooker was named a general in 1861 an was known as fighting

Joe. During the Mexican War he received three brevets for bravery. He

commanded the army of the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville,

he lost and was replaced before Gettysburg. In November 1863 he won

the Battle of Lookout Mountain at Chattanooga. In 1864 Hooker served

under William Sherman in Georgia. He resigned because he wasn't

promoted after he served

in Georgia.





George E. Pickett



George Pickett was a Confederate general during the Civil War.

He is most remembered for Pickett's charge at the Battle of

Gettysburg. Pickett graduated from West Point in 1846 and remained in

the U.S. Army until 1861, when he joined the Confederate army. On July

3, 1863 he led his troops on a spearhead attack on Cemetery Ridge that

was supposed to break through the center of the union line. This has

been called the Confederacy's "high-water mark".





Harriet Tubman



Harriet Tubman was an abolitionist and a fugitive slave. She

was born to slave parents and escaped to freedom. In the 1850's she

made many journeys to free slaves through the Underground Railroad.

She was aided by abolitionists and Quakers, and John Brown who

consulted with her for the Harpers Ferry raid in 1859. During the

Civil War she served as an army cook, a nurse, and became a spy for

Maryland and Virginia. After the war she ran a home for elderly blacks

until her death.





Clara Barton



Clara Barton is most remembered for organizing the American

Red Cross Society. As a young girl she was shy, but she overcame