Find a study ,elaborate on It , use a literature review answer questions conclusion and references and done












why did the task you chose interest you? What cognitive process (e.g., attention, working memory, etc.) was this task designed to help understand? How is the task structured? How is it applied? How does data generated from the task help understand the specific cognitive process it was designed to investigate?

























Abstract
Merle-Marie Ahrens, Domenica Veneiro and Gregor Thut of the Institute of Neuroscience and Ps ychology, University of Glasgow in Glasgow, United Kingdom, Conducted an experiment that would allow further understanding o f apparent movements/ motion. They focused on the visual benefits in apparent motion and found that these effects and spatial and temporal anticipation are partially dissociated . "Many behaviorally relevant sensory events such as motion stimuli and speech have an intrinsic spacious -temporal structure " . ( Ahrens 2015) Which explain why through out this experiment the ranges of distance varied, the experiment conducted had a target and incorporated a visual stimuli on a peripheral standpoint. The stimulus was then controlled with different measures of proximity that would allow a reaction , as well as variations of speed. The target was never aware of where the stimulus derived from in order to maintain automatic motion-induced anticipatory processes . (Thut 2015). " By rendering the motion stimuli non-predictive of upcom ing target position and task-ir relevant and by creating instead endogenous expectations using symbolic cueing ", Data revealed that both spatial and temporal anticipatory processes are equivalently engaged. (Ahrens 2015). Although the stimuli caused a reaction they did not find that spatial and temporal anticipatory processes correlate when conducting this type of experiment. The results further highlight the various anticipatory mechanisms responsible for processing behaviorally relevant stimuli , with predictable spatial-temporal structure such as motion and speech. (Ahrens , Thut, Veneiro 2015)

Introduction

Most might infer that our natural instinct to react and see reactants can be known as apparent motion. Apparent motion or movement derives from many years ago, it is often traced back thousands of years of which mammals used this cognitive method to seek out prey and protect themselves from predators. This type of method can be considered an illusion, which has beneficial factors that allow us to better comprehend how neural processes work, if and when we are conscious of it being just hallucination. Other factors that play a huge role on apparent motion are retinal eccentricity, this conclusion can be proven by using any still object and displaying a motioned background. The still object would reflect on the moving background and depending on its position it can trick our minds to believe that the still object is moving. This topic Is quite intriguing due to the fact that it is constantly being used in our day to day experiences. Apparent Motion can be found in movies or television shows, Carnivals, informative signs and many more.

Apparent motion revolves around stimuli both cognitive and sensory, these stimuli then create a pathway that incorporates speech, visual motion and looming sounds (Rosenblum 1993). Apparent motion can be beneficial while playing tricks in our minds but allowing our brain to perceive things a certain way that may not be accurately processed. For instance sun and earth, the sun's apparent motion occurs on an hourly basis. From the time it sets and through out the day you realize that the sun does not remain in place, as If it were moving but is it really? Some have a preconceived notion that the earth revolves around the sun therefore the sun never moves we do. Apparent motion can also be portrayed in the solar system by the position of the sun during different solstice such as Northern eastern solstice in the summer and the opposite during the winter. Another example of apparent motion are signs with "moving" lights, These signs and lights can portray the illusion of movement by allowing us to believe that movement is particularly responsible for the light follow a pattern that creates sequence and move. Cognitive Psychology 4th edition describes this processes thoroughly and concludes that the cause of this type of illusion is due to one light flashing followed