Foreign Policy

With the world balancing on the edge of destruction, foreign relationships areextremely important to the United States of America. The United States is fullyrecognized as the most powerful nation on the planet earth, and with that power comes adefinitive sense of responsibility. The U.S. needs to pay close attention to thisresponsibility if it hopes to keep its place on the throne as king of the nations. This iswhere the United States foreign policy comes into play. Foreign policy is essentiallypositive or negative interaction with other nations as well as the goals and principles thatare included (Morrison #1 607). The United States have a couple of choices concerningtheir position; they could play the part of world leader or the part of world loner. Let?slook at the viewpoint of an average college student whose knowledge of world affairs issomewhat lacking and then discuss the possible positions the United States can take inregards to their place in the world. I will also go over an example of each and get a graspof what our government?s two political parties, the Democrats and the Republicans, sayabout these.

The main purpose of every countries foreign policy is to survive and stay stable intodays world (Morrison #2 434). It is policy that provides a strong national security,keeps a good economy with other nations, and it is a chance to provide influence in theworld; but above all this is the want for international peace (434). One of the main waysto conduct good foreign policy is that of diplomacy, where nations negotiate andcompromise problems they might have in order to get along (434). By these diplomaticrelations, countries can interact with one another and learn to work together for a betterunderstanding of each others nations. Another method of foreign policy is that of being aloner or isolationist. Isolationism is the idea that we keep to ourselves and our ownwestern hemisphere rather than venture into the affairs of the eastern world (Morrison #1611). This was basically the accepted perspective taken by the United States up untilabout the first world war when President Woodrow Wilson decided to plunge into the wareffort. Then a peacekeeping association came about called the League of Nations, whichWilson helped propose, but the United States Senate gave it a firm ?no? (608). This keptthe United States in its loner state once again.

Some years later the United States entered a period of awakening concerninggetting out and about in the world. We journeyed into a time of Internationalism after thesecond world war but it was many earlier events that led up to this, particularly ourinteraction with Latin America. Back when the United States was just breaking awayfrom Britain and starting as a nation, President James Monroe came up with a declarationcalled the Monroe Doctrine. In 1823 he wrote this, telling European nations to keeptheir noses in their own hemisphere (609). What Monroe didn?t know was that he wasestablishing a beginning to a leadership responsibility in not only the western hemisphere,but in the entire world. The United States began sticking up for nations such as Mexicoand Puerto Rico, and soon got involved in various other Latin American countries. Infact, the United States got involved eight times from 1904 to 1934, then again in theaffairs of Guatemala, the Dominican Republic, and the destruction of the leftistgovernment of Brazil after the second world war (612). It was during the beginning ofWorld War II that the United States began to get more involved. At first the UnitedStates tried to keep to itself and stay out of the fighting. But when Germany, Japan, andItaly tried to expand by force into China, Ethiopia, Poland, Austria, and present day CzechRepublic, Britain and France declared war on Hitler, and the United States did nothing(611-612). It wasn?t until that fateful day of December 7 in 1941 when the United Stateshad had enough. Pearl Harbor was attacked and Americans died, which was more thanenough for us to start our trek into Internationalism and intervention. After World WarII, the United States began its journey as world leader. It was now time for America tohelp other nations rebuild and start its hate of Communism. George Marshall, an ArmyGeneral for the United States came up with the Marshall Plan, one that would provideextensive help for other nations in Europe by providing loans for economic recovery. Later America plunged itself into a war with North Korea to protect its neighboring SouthKorea, this was possible