GANGS


Even though the Crips started out to be a positive movement, their environment and situations had an outstanding impact on the negative out come of the gang. Money and power was a major reason why rhe gang split off in so many different groups, now there are hundreds of gangs. I believe the lack of leadership in the home is a main reason that push kids towards the gang life. Crack cocaine was a major source of income for gangs. Gang violence don?t just effect other gang members. Why is the higher percentage of young gang members African American?
Black gangs first appeared in downtown LA in the 20's, this was consistent with the large black population in that area.The formation of street gangs increased at an alarming pace throughout the 1980s and 1990s.The Crip gang originated in Los Angeles in the mid-to late 1960?s.The gang was founded by 15 year old Raymond Washington along with Stanely ?Tookie? Williams. Other street gangs formed after the crips were establish.
The Crips are one of the oldest, largest and most notorious gangs in the United States. In the late 1960's, a 15 year old who attended Fremont and Locke High Schools named Raymond Washington along with Stanely Williams, started a gang called the "Baby Avenues", named after another gang of older gangsters called "The Avenues", or "Avenue Boys". Washington, who was too young to participate in the Panther movement during
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the 1960s, absorbed much of the Panther rhetoric of community control of neighborhood
and fashioned his quasi-political organization after the Panther?s militant style, sporting the popular black leather jackets of the time. They were also known as the Avenue Cribs, and after a short time they were referred to as the Cribs, which was a comment on their youthfulness. Their initial intent was to continue the revolutionary ideology of the 1960s and to act as community leaders and protectors of their local neighborhoods. Raymond Washington and his group were never able to develop an efficient political agenda for social change within the community.
The Cribs began to venture into their own criminal behavior, committing robberies and assaults. In 1971, several Crib members that were assaulting a group of elderly Japanese women were described by the victims as young cripples that carried canes. These young cripples were the Cribs, but the local media picked up on this description, and referred to this group as the Crips. Several existing gangs incorporated the Crip name into their gang set, for example the Main Street Gangsters became the Main Street Crips. Other gangs included Kitchen Crips, 5 Deuce Crips and the Rolling 20 Crips. Although these gangs adopted the Crip name, some remained independent and maintained their own leadership and members, because of this, Crip sets were well known for fighting each other.
With all these gangs in a relatively small section of the city, gang members needed a method in which to ID each other, they wanted to avoid attacking gangsters from different sets, but same gang. "Crips" identify themselves with the color blue, this is believed to originate from the colors of Washington high school in south LA. Crip
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gangsters wear articles of blue clothing, blue handkerchiefs, shoelaces, hair rollers, hats,
belts or sweat shirts. Raymond Washington, founder, was murdered in 1979. Stanley Tookie Williams the other founder of the Crips when he was only 17 years old, and given the death penalty on December 13, 2005.
By the early 1980s the gang was heavily involved with drug trade. Some of these Crips started to produce and distribute PCP. They also began to distribute marijuana. In the early 1980s Crips sets began distributing crack cocaine in Los Angeles. The huge profits resulting from crack distribution induced many Crips members to establish new markets in other cities and states; many young men in other states adopted the Crips name and lifestyle. As a result of these two factors, Crips membership increased throughout the 1980s, making it one of the largest street gang associations in the country. A well known Crip member Ricky ?Freeway? Ross became a multimillionaire by selling crack cocaine. Ross used to move $2 million to $3 million worth of crack in a day. In 1996, Ross was sentenced to life in prison after being convicted of trying to purchase more than 100 kilograms of cocaine from a federal agent. Gang members were arrested in 27