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General William Howe
Year of birth: Aug 10 1729
Birth Place: Cumberland England
Year of death: July 12 1814
Place of Death: Plymouth England
Early Child Hood
Charlotte. His grandmother had been the mistress of King George I and as a result Howe and his three brothers were the illegitimate uncles of King George III. Attending Eton, Howe followed his two elder brothers into the military on September 18, 1746 when William Howe was born August 10, 1729, and was the third son of Emanuel Howe, 2nd Viscount Howe and his wife he purchased a commission as a coronet in Cumberland\'s Light Dragoons. A quick study, he was promoted to lieutenant the following year and captain in 1750. While with the regiment, he befriended Major James Wolfe , one of his future commanders
What did till 1774?
He entered the army when he was seventeen by buying a Cornet\'s commission in the Duke of Cumberland\'s Dragoons in 1746. By the next year, he was fighting as a Lieutenant in Flanders as a part of the War of the Austrian Succession. After this war, he joined the 20th Regiment of Foot where he became a friend of James Wolfe.
During the Seven Years\' War, Howe\'s service first brought him to America. His service in this conflict did much to raise his reputation. William commanded a regiment at the siege of Louisbourg and led a successful amphibious landing. This action, carried out under fire, won the attackers a flanking position and earned Howe his commander\'s praise.
Howe commanded the light infantry under Major General James Wolfe at the Battle of Quebec, Canada on September 13, 1759. He led a fighting ascent to gain position on the Plains of Abraham, clearing the way for Wolfe\'s army to assemble before that battle. His actions here earned him the rank of Brigadier General. He earned further fame in the capture of Montreal under Jeffrey Amherst before returning to England. Howe also served in the capture of Belle Isle, off the French coast, in 1761. He was adjutant-general of the force that captured Havana in 1762. In 1772, Howe was elected a Member of Parliament for Nottingham.
Why joined war? Patriot, Neutralist loyalist?
Recognized as a gifted commander, Howe was promoted to major general in 1772, and a short time later took over training of the army\'s light infantry units.
What he did from 1774-1783
Bunker HillHowe planned to crush the American\'s position by massive assault. He was thus in command at the Battle of Bunker Hill on June 17, 1775. Personally leading the left wing of the attack, Howe\'s assault gained the objective, but the cost was appallingly heavy. General Henry Clinton called it "A dear bought victory, another such would have ruined us."
Forced out of Boston on March 17, 1776, after General George Washington emplaced guns on Dorchester Heights, Howe withdrew with the army to Halifax, Nova Scotia. There, a new campaign was planned with the goal of taking New York. Landing on Staten Island on July 2, Howe\'s army soon swelled to over 30,000 men. Crossing to Gravesend Bay, Howe flanked and defeated Washington at the Battle of Long Island on August 26/27. Falling back to fortifications at Brooklyn Heights, the Americans awaited a British assault. Based on his earlier experiences, Howe was reluctant to attack and began siege operations.
In the spring of 1777, Burgoyne proposed a plan for defeating the Americans which called for him to lead an army south through Lake Champlain to Albany while a second column advanced east from Lake Ontario. These advances were to be supported by an advance north from New York by Howe. While Colonial Secretary Lord George Germain approved this plan, Howe\'s role was never clearly defined nor was he issued orders from London to aid Burgoyne. As a result, though Burgoyne moved forward, Howe launched his own campaign to capture the American capital at Philadelphia. Left on his own, Burgoyne was defeated in the critical Battle of Saratoga
One interesting story for them during the war
Washington sent Henry Knox to Fort Ticonderoga in ups tate New York to bring back the cannons, which originally belonged to the British Army. When General William Howe planned the attack against Dorchester Heights, he had apparently cleared his mental decks of the previous skirmish at Bunker Hill. In doing so, he laid aside the failures and
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William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, United States, Earl Howe, Henry Clinton, Battle of Bunker Hill, Dorchester Heights, Howe, Battles of Saratoga, Battle of Long Island, Fortification of Dorchester Heights, British Army during the American War of Independence
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