The Native Americans and the settlers of European descent had conflict because the Apaches, an Indian tribe, had resisted white colonization in their homeland in the Southwest. The conflict led to many battles and turned the land into turmoil and bloodshed. The Apaches look to their leader, Geronimo, to lead them to victory and establish their territory. Geronimo had gained valuable war experience and leadership in prior battles and war with the Mexicans. That experience was proved not enough to carry his people to the promise land as Geronimo would eventually surrender.
The summer of 1858 was when the war between the Indian tribe and the Mexicans began. One late afternoon, while camped in a Mexican town called Kaskiyeh, the Apaches were ambushed by the Mexicans. The Mexican troops had killed all the warriors of the guard, captured all their ponies, secured their arms, destroyed their supplies and killed many of the women and children including Geronimo?s wife and three kids. This led to the fire and determination that turned Geronimo from a peaceful Indian into a strong and bold warrior. Felt like there was nothing left to live for, Geronimo stop at nothing for revenge.
The following year, led by Geronimo and other leaders, the Apaches had avenged the massacre of Kaskiyeh. Although many Apaches were satisfied with the victory, Geronimo desired for more revenge. Over the next few years, Geronimo often invaded Mexican territory and killed many of their people. Geronimo typically raided into Mexican towns with very few men, sometimes as little as two warriors by his side. This angered the Mexicans and led to many ambush and attacks conducted by the Mexicans. This began a war and countless battles between the Indians and the Mexicans for the next decade or so. Many warriors were lost, many citizens were killed. Some battles were successful, others were not. The last battle with the Mexicans was held by a stream near the mountain tops of Aspire. At this time, United States troop were continually trailing Geronimo and his people until the conflict was resolved. Over the course of the war with the Mexicans, Geronimo had received eight wounds and valuable war experience and leadership.
In 1869, the war between the Indians and the United States military started. The Indians had always tried to live peacefully with the soldiers and settlers, even making treaty with the post. The following year after the treaty, the United States troop had invited the Indian leaders to hold a conference at Apache Pass in Fort Bowie. The leaders were shown into a tent and were promised to be given something to eat. Soon after, they were attacked when they were in the tent. Some warriors escaped by cutting through the tent, but many warriors were killed or captured. The Indians then returned to fight the soldiers one more time before hiding in the mountains. The Indians were then invited to Apache Tejo, New Mexico to make treaty with the United States troops. The treaty promised the Indians if they came and live near Apache Tejo, the Government would supply them with blankets, food, provisions and all manner of supplies. A group of Indians, led by Mangus-Colorado, went to the Apache Tejo to accept the treaty. Geronimo was later informed that the treaty was not upheld faithfully and his people have been captured and slain. Because of the death of Mangus-Colorado, the Indians held a council and elected Geronimo has the new Tribal Chief.
A year later, the United States surprised attacked the Indians and took all their supplies. With nothing left, Geronimo took his people to Hot Spring to stay with Chief Victoria and his band. The band supplied Geronimo?s people with supplies and food. Two companies of scouts were sent from San Carlos to arrest Geronimo and his people for leaving Apache Pass. They were later released and given permission to stay above San Carlos. In the summer of 1888, the Indians were invited to Fort Thomas to hold a council with them. Fearing of treachery and death, the Indians decided to leave San Carlos for Old Mexico. After camping in Sierra de Sahuaripa Mountains for a year, the Indians returned to San Carlos. After returning, General Crook had ordered officers and soldiers to arrest Geronimo. Fearing of death, Geronimo and his people fled San Carlos once again for Old Mexico. While in Old Mexico,