Gun Control

Gun control has been a hot topic for very long time. People on the anti-
gun control side believe that gun ownership is a Constitutional right backed by
the Second Amendment. The anti-gun believe that you should be able to posses
and own any firearm. They also believe that gun laws only restrict the law
abiding citizens. Pro-gun control believe that guns are the backbone to our
crime problem. They also believe that gun laws help keep guns of the street and
deter crime.
The Second Amendment reads," A well regulated Militia, being necessary to
the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms,
shall not be infringed" (Caplan p32). "Underlying this amendment are two goals
of an individual and collective defense from violence and aggression, which have
been recognized by Congress" ( Caplan P.32). The second amendment should help
secure right of the people to have a gun in their home. " The government should
not be permitted to declare who would or would not be able to bear arms on the
basis of vague religious tests or any other nebulous standard or artifice" (
Caplan p.39).
The first infringement on the Second Amendment came on November 30, 1993
when President Clinton signed Brady Bill I. The law required that there be a
five day waiting period on all hand gun purchases. The Brady Bill also banned
semi-automatic rifles and other military type weapons. ( Moore 1994 p.434) The
five day waiting period is suppose to stop felons from buying guns. But,
Waiting periods do not stop felons from getting guns. Since 1968 it has been
illegal for a felon to possess any firearm. ( Moore 1994 p 440) Most of the
criminals do not get their guns from stores, most get them by theft or on the
black market. " While legitimate users of firearms encounter intense regulation,
surutiny, and bureaucratic control, illicit markets easily adapt to whatever
difficulties a free society throws in their way" (Polsby p.1). A study by
Professor James D. Wright and Peter H. Rossi, showed that, fifty percent of
criminals expected to get a gun illeagily the same day they get out of prison.
(Blackman A ug 1985)
Brady Bill talks about recording and keeping track of guns for safety
reasons. When people talk about the militia many people believe that the
National Guard is our guarantee for a free state.(Caplan p. 50) People need to
realize that the President is Commander-in-Chief of the National Guard, and may
federalize it any time" ( Caplan p.50). If this happens, the states would hav
no protection. The federal government would also know which citizens have guns.
" The President is privy to all data concerning the placement and
distribution of all National Guard weapons, thus making possible their quick
confiscation by the armed forces. This is precisely the possibility the farmers
sought to prevent when they enacted the second amendment" (p.51) " The record-
keeping and inspection provisions of the present federal gun-control statues
enhance the probability of government-sponsored arm confiscation and usurpation
of power" (Chaplain p.52-53).
The pro-gun want people to believe that people who own guns think they have
the God-given right to blow someone away. That is one of the reasons they felt
registration was necessary. "Dr. Patricia Harris did a study that pointed out,
that on average gun owners are better educated and have more prestigious jobs
than non- owners... Later studies show that gun owners are less likely that non-
owners to approve of police brutality, violence against dissenters, etc" (
Snyder p 47).
The latest purposed infringement on the Second Amendment comes in the way
of Brady Bill II. This law will require a state license to purchase a gun. To
receive a licence you will have a background check and must be at least 21 years
of age. ( Illinois and New Jersey already have laws like this in place today.)
It will increase the waiting period from five to thirty days. It will also
require the private sale of a gun be done through a dealer and then require the
waiting period. The bill will also ban several types of ammo and several types
of guns. The guns that will be banned are of small caliber, .22 short, .25, and
.32. ( Brady Bill II 103d Congress)
The problem with the new bill is that it does nothing to deter crime. It
only affects the law abiding citizens. Criminals will not register their guns
becaus usually steal they are stolen. " According to Wright felons make it
clear that if they can not get the smaller caliber guns, it will stimulate a
wholesale shift to