Henrik Ibsen?s Hedda Gabler is not truly indicative of his vast body of work: the protagonist is female and the play is a character study Hedda does not evolve or progress throughout the entirety of the work and remains a cold and a manipulative woman. When this fact is realized, the only task is discovering why Hedda continues as a flat character that is restrained from gaining the status of a hero.
Truthfully, there are many variables that shape Hedda?s life. Nonetheless, two factors in particular stand out?her father, General Gabler, and the repressive, masculine society of the era. It is fitting that the title of the play is Hedda\'s maiden name, Hedda Gabler, for the play is to a large extent about the formerly aristocratic Hedda\'s inability to adjust to the bourgeois life into which she has married.
She is amused by how much Tesman worries about making a living. This aristocratic privileging of "aesthetic" matters causes Hedda to feel very unsympathetic to Tesman. She doesn\'t allow him to use the word "we" to describe the two of them. It also allows her to feel little guilt when "cheating on" him, if only on an emotional level, with Ejlert and Judge. Her values, based on an aesthetic standard rather than the moral standard to which her husband conforms, are beyond Tesman\'s control or even his understanding; as a result, he cannot predict her actions.
At the same time, however, Hedda\'s apparent pregnancy draws attention to the tragic nature of her quest. She continually denies the inevitable. The rest of the male characters are more or less in love with Hedda, perhaps because of her almost decadent sense of beauty.
Even Mrs. Elvsted feels intimidated by Hedda. Because of this popularity, she is the most powerful character. She toys with others because she can find no solace or entertainment in life. Indeed, Hedda\'s power is so far-reaching that her own self-destruction leads almost inevitably to the destruction of the other characters\' lives. Although Ibsen does not directly address certain influences of surroundings over Hedda, he succeeds in conveying their critical significance. A common underlying theme in Ibsen?s work is the linking of death and music.
Moreover, the ever-present piano, belonging to the late General Gabler, symbolizes Hedda?s past freedom, prior to marrying George Tesman, as the ?General?s daughter.? A more obvious example of General Gabler?s influence over Hedda is the large portrait of him that dominates the ?inner? room. With this description, the reader is made aware of the General?s presence, even after his death. Arguably, the most significant influence the General has over Hedda is the fact that Hedda is unable to rid herself of her ?Hedda Gabler? identity.
This fact is also indicative of the kind of facelessness that women of the era were often subject to. Yet another aspect of the General?s rearing of Hedda is her unusual fascination with his pistols. This fascination is one of the first given clues that Hedda was raised as a boy would have been. The mere possibility of Hedda being raised as a male is sufficient evidence to explain her underlying disdain at being a woman?unable to express herself as a man would.
Instead, Hedda simply ?contents herself with negative behavior instead of constructive action?. Since she cannot express herself outright, she amuses herself by manipulating others. The most compelling episode of Hedda?s perfected brand of manipulation is the role she plays in the death of Eilert L?vborg. Hedda feels the need to destroy him, purely for the purpose of ?having the power to mould a human destiny?.
Since she is unable to directly control anyone or anything, Hedda chooses to rebel against the society that shapes her and eradicate one of its future leaders. Needless to say, the Victorian era of literature and society did not offer a profusion of opportunities for young women. This fact is made abundantly clear in Hedda Gabler. Despite the fact that society stifles Hedda, it is not the only factor that restrains her from gaining independence, as well as expressing herself.
In reality, Hedda?s own cowardice generously contributes to her inescapable end. But, of course, the root of her cowardice is her former life involving her father, General Gabler.Even though Hedda takes pleasure in creating scandal, however, she is frightened of being associated with it. One such incidence involves Thea