I wandered lonely as a cloud by William Wordsworth

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"I wandered lonely as a cloud" is the most famous and emotional poem written by William Wordsworth who celebrates the beauty of nature and "bliss of solitude" it is for him a source of inspiration to live his life meaningful. The poem is a romantic poem based on the principle that poetry is a spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings recollected in tranquility. Wordsworth wrote the earlier version in 1804 two years after seeing the lakeside daffodils that inspired him to write the poem. This poem will be analyzed critically according to the themes, tone, form and figures of speech.

Concerning the themes of "I wandered lonely as a cloud" there seems to be four main themes. First, happiness, the poet feels happy when he sees the beauty of the golden daffodils "fluttering and dancing in the breeze". Second, the natural world "they stretched in never-ending line". Wordsworth's nature is full of life and vitality then he appreciates its wildness and unpredictability, but he humanizes the landscape and fits it to his own mind. Third, remembrance, the poet can always draw on his imagination to reproduce the joy of the event and to remember the spiritual wisdom of a past event through the power of the imagination "they flash upon that inward eye which is the bliss of solitude". Finally, rejecting city life and going back to mother nature "A host, of golden daffodils" shows that the poet run away from city life and takes nature as a shelter to protect him from the world's corruption.

This poem harbors two main tones which are of happiness when the author enjoys the beauty of a great number of daffodils, and sadness since he is suffering loneliness. The poem begins with agony; the words are negative and unpleasant such as "wandered" and "lonely". They present a case of isolation. However, these words change to be more positive and cheerful "dancing" "stars that shine" "gay".
Figures of speech:
"I wandered lonely as a cloud" is rich with imagery and figures of speech that have a big role in creating enthusiasm and musical effect which in turn attract the reader's attention. First, simile as in "I wandered lonely as a cloud" describing himself as a cloud wandering in loneliness and this reflects the Romantic ideal of finding the link between man and nature. Second, metaphor as in "What wealth the show to me had brought " this shows the joy nature can brings in the speaker's heart. Third, personification as in "Fluttering and dancing in the breeze", the word "dance" is repeated thrice in this poem. In the 1 st stanza, it denotes the happiness and liveliness of the flowers. In the 2 nd stanza, it creates a sense of harmonious relationship between the daffodils and the waves. In the last stanza, it refers that this harmony is advanced to include the poet himself. Fourth, apostrophe "I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils;" the poet apostrophizes the daffodils and describes them in their large number as a crowd of people. Also, "In such a jocund company," the poet addresses the flowers as human beings and describes them as happy company of good friends. Moreover, there is a use of alliteration "Beside and beneath/ high and hills". At last, consonance "wandered and cloud" and assonance "fluttering, dancing". These figures of speech are used to create rhythm and musical effects to make the reader enjoy reading.

The poem has a simple fairly form that fits its simple language. It consists of four stanzas with six lines each for a total of twenty-four lines which makes the reader feels comfortable while reading. The rhyme scheme is also simple ABABCC in iambic tetrameter and this motivates the reader and makes him more excited to continue reading. The last two lines of each stanza are a rhyming couplet as in "trees, breeze" "glance, dance" that produces a natural break to go along with the natural break caused by a new stanza. There is also repetition of the word "dance" which emphasizes the idea of joy and happiness expressed by the