Immigration Problem in the U.S.



The first move stopping immigration decided by Congress was a

law in 1862 restricting American vessels to transport Chinese

immigrants to the U.S. The Alien Contract Labor Laws of 1885, 1887,

1888, and 1891 restricted the immigration to the U.S. of people

entering the country to work under contracts made before their

arrival. Alien skilled laborers, under these laws, were allowed to

enter the U.S. to work in new industries. By this time anti-immigrant

felling rose with the flood of immigrants and in this period the

anti-Catholic, anti-foreign political party the Know-Nothings, was

already born.



After World War I a marked increase in racism and the growth

of isolationist sentiment in the U.S. led to demands for further tight

legislation. In 1921 a congressional act provided for a quota system

for immigrants, which the number of aliens of any nationality admitted

to the U.S. in a year could not exceed 3 percent of the number of

foreign-born residents of that nationality living in the U.S. in 1910.

This law applied to nations of Europe, the Middle East, Africa,

Australia, New Zealand, Asian Russia, and certain islands in the

Atlantic and Pacific. In the 1980s concern about the surge of illegal

aliens into the U.S. has led Congress to pass legislation aimed at

cutting illegal immigration. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of

1986 allows most illegal aliens who have resided in the U.S. regularly

since January 1, 1982, to apply for legal status. Also, the law

prohibits employers from hiring illegal aliens and mandates penalties

for violations.



Debate over immigration and immigration policy is not new to

the nation's history. From time to time, Congress jarred legislation

to control the flow of immigration. As immigration rises and hatred

grows more laws will be implemented trying to release some of the

pressure. Illegal immigration has some pros and cons. I will discuss

the pros first and explain them briefly in order for you to get a

better underezding of the position. It offers cheaper labor to

businesses. By not paying minimum wages to the workers who are willing

to work for a lower price, this gives the business an edge over other

competitors. Provides culture diversity in the united states. Bringing

in immigrants gives more and different cultures to the U.S.. which can

expand businesses to other fields of the world. Also giving people a

more underezding of other cultures.



Lowers the cost of products produced in the U.S. that we buy.

If the businesses can produce products and services at a low price

keeping there overhead low, then we as a consumer will also pay a

lower price. Most illegals are skilled workers and helps run the

economy. Other countries economy is also being helped. The workers

bring money to their families out side of the U.S. which in most

cases the U.S. dollar has a higher value than their own.



Experts disagree saying the cons of this issue out way the

pros. Next I will discuss some cons and explain them briefly. Illegal

immigrants pay no tax. If they pay no taxes then how can we as a

country pay for public services we as well as they do. Sending money

out of our economy and sending it to their families abroad. If money

is taken out of our economy it causes a monetary problem. this can

cause an inaccurate account of money in circulation which might cause

inflation. Lower wages. If an illegal is willing to work for under the

minimum wage then the employer will not pay more for the job to any

other employ. In fact might higher only illegals and take away jobs

form legal residents who are willing to work.



When illegals come to this country they do not get tested for

diseases that might infect the population. Which can cause a health

problem. Such as polio, tuberculosis and other forms of diseases.

Illegals cost the states money, paying for education, health care, and

other social services. In an already under funded programs they give

these services a more heavy burden to deal with. Republicans have

reached agreement among themselves on legislation designed to combat

illegal immigration. But with their package facing delaying tactics

from Senate Democrats and a veto from the president, they finished the

week of Sept. 2 uncertain of their next move1 "Republicans need to

show we can govern,"2 said bill sponsor Lamar Smith,