Individual Organization Behavior

US. Army company A 204th Engineer Combat Battalion Heavy Chapter 3:
Foundations of Individual Behavior

Table of contents: ? Introduction.
a. Description, History and Organizational structure.

? Key biographical characteristics.
a. Age.
b. Gender.
c. Marital Status.
d. Number of dependents.
e. Tenure.

? Factors that determine an individual's personality.
a. Personality determinants
b. Personality Traits.
c. Personality Attributes influencing Organizational behavior.
d. Personalities and national cultures.
e. Matching personalities and jobs. (Holland's Typology).

? Summarize how learning theories provide into changing behavior.
a. Theories of learning.
b. Shaping Behavior : A managerial tool.

? Reinforcement.
a. Rewards

? Applications for Specific Organizations.
a. S U T A (Substitute Unit Training Assistance).
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Now for the Essay
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Chapter: 3 Individual Organizational Behavior

The NY Army National Guard. I. This organization's history goes back around 300
years, to the time of the ?Minutemen?. The brave men and women that fought to
gain our independence here in the state of NY. The NY Army National guard is
under the control of the Governor of NY. But in Wartime this organization
becomes Federalize and under the Command of our Commander in Chief. The
President of the United States. I am the Commander for A-Company Detachment 2 of
the 204th Engineer Bn, located in Riverhead, NY here in Long Island. *[Let's
take a closer look at the Org. Chart]* My Unit has 72 Men and Women who are
civilians during the month but dedicate one weekend a month and two weeks in the
year to serve our State and Country. We have two types of missions for which we
train all year long. - The State Mission : These are emergency calls in time of
disasters, due to nature or mischief. (ex: Floods snowstorms, Riots, Plane
crashes, Drug enforcement, Border patrols, etc.) - The Federal Mission : These
takes effect in time when the President or Congress declares War, Police Ac-tion
or Rescue and or Protection to a foreign country. We also train by going
overseas and helping countries. Now lets talk about the individual Behaviors of
my organization shall we? [Flip to Outline].*

II. Key Biographical Characteristics a. Age in my unit is very
diversified. I have new soldiers entering the unit at age 18, and current
members range from their 20's to their 40's. The Standard to Join the US. Army
is 18-28 yrs. - Rank and degree of responsibility are factors of productivity .
- Degree of Absenteeism is found in both. - Turnover is mainly found in younger
soldiers, they move from state to state often. - Job satisfaction also go hand
in hand with rank and responsibility. The Older and higher the rank the more.

b. Of course we don't discriminate - I found that females are often more
absent. - Also that a degree of J/S shifted more towards the males. - And
females tend to turnover easier than males. c. Our troops often have to face
the increasing risk of being deployed overseas, and that of course always shows
in the soldier's work behavior. This is mostly from worried Wives and Husbands
thinking that their spouses won't come back. *(That includes mine of course).* -
Single soldiers tend to miss UTA's more than married ones. - J/S is found more
with higher rank soldiers instead of looking at marital status.

d. We provide school, day-care and counseling programs to dependents. This
helps the soldiers cope with the stressful job of parenting.

This helps the organization deal with absenteeism, J/S and turnover. e.
Tenure to the US Army means Experience and Skills, that can be shared to
younger soldiers. - Mission Readiness is increased when subordinates respect and
obey their older peers. III. Personality A. Determinants Heredity: For our
mission usually don't determine a soldier for his looks or muscle definition.
That is up to the soldier to ex-ploit when it comes to personal development.
*APFT* Environment: Some of our soldiers when they grow up in places like NYC
behave and perform different from those soldiers that spend their upbringing in
smaller towns. We found this to be a factor in Mission readiness, Absenteeism,
turnover and J/S. Situation : We are all bound to a code of honor, duty and
conduct. So we act differently according to the situation. The differ-ence is
found more with younger soldiers, they sometimes don't know how to act and need
to be directed or supervised. B. The Meyers-Briggs Personality Type
Indicators. [MBTI] Extroverted-Introverted (E-I) Sensing-Intuitive
(S-N) Thinking-Feeling (T-F) Perceiving-Judging
(P-J)

Recruiters and administrators use this method to classify soldiers into ? major
personality types indicators We call it the ASVAP: ========> Combining any of
these gives us some good personality types:

here are examples of job classifications by Pers/Type: ISTJ= Administrative,
Dentist, Police, Accountants, Military. ISFJ=