Introduction to Philosophy- Midterm Exam Study Questions
CCNY Fall 2016 Phil 10200
Plato's Euthyphro , Apology , and Crito , Martin Luther King Jr
How does Euthyphro attempt to define 'piety,' and how does Socrates go about showing that those proposed definitions are insufficient?
Where does Euthyphro meet Socrates? Why are they both there?
What were the charges against Socrates? How does he defend himself against them?
How did Socrates eventually come to understand the meaning of the oracle?
Who were the ‘Sophists ' ?
Why does Socrates refer to himself as a gadfly? What do you think he means by this metaphor?
Why will Socrates NOT accept a penalty of silence or of exile?
Should a good person care about his wealth or his body or the condition of his soul, according to Socrates?
Describe the ways in which Socrates and Martin Luther King Jr. are different. Describe the ways in which they are the same.
What are some of the arguments that King makes in order to identify ‘unjust laws'?
How was King critical of ‘relativistic' or ‘positivist' theories of law?
Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy
In the last paragraph of Meditation I, Descartes says "I shall then suppose, not that God who is supremely good and the fountain of truth, but some evil genius not less powerful than deceitful, has employed his whole energies in deceiving me . . ." (Descartes, 153) This supposition is not being used to call any further beliefs into doubt. What, then is its purpose?
According to Descartes, what characteristics are exhibited in or by physical substance instantiated by things (corporeal bodies ) ?
W hat is ‘modern' about Descartes method and philosophical system.
What is radical skepticism? What is systematic doubt?
Define what Descartes believes to be the two ontological categories of "things"
Is Descartes project more a moral one or a metaphysical one in the Meditations?
Describe one of Descartes proofs for the existence of god.

Class Definitions :
Understand and explain the following terms: Epistemology , Metaphysics, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Ontology, Realism, Idealism, Empiricism, Rationalism, Natural Law Theory, Ontological Dualism, Ontological Monism