Jane Eyre - Struggle for Love


The overriding theme of "Jane Eyre," is Jane's continual quest for love. Jane searches for love and
acceptance through the five settings in which she lives: Gateshead, Lowood, Thornfield, Moor
House, and Ferndean. Through these viewpoints, the maturation and self-recognition of Jane
becomes evident, as well as traceable. It is not until Jane flees from Rochester and Thornfield, and
spends time at Moor House, that her maturation to womanhood is complete. At this point, Jane is
able to finally return to Rochester as an independent woman, fully aware of her desire to love, as
well as to be loved.

From the onset of the novel, we see the world through the eyes of Jane; a strong character who
wishes to overcome her birth rite as an orphan in Victorian times. From this viewpoint, we are able
to trace how Jane progresses in her struggle for individuality, as well as for love. At Gateshead, it
becomes apparent that Jane is terrifically self-willed and possessive of a fiery temper. An example
of this is when Jane stands up to her aunt saying, "You think I have no feelings, and that I can do
without one bit of love or kindness, but I cannot live so: and you have no pity" (Bronte, 68). Here,
Jane makes her first declaration of independence, contending that she will no longer be a secondary
member in the Reed household.

 
 
At Lowood, Jane is repulsed by Mr. Blocklehurst and his "two-faced" character and coarseness.
However, while at Lowood, Jane finds her first true friend in the form of Helen Burns, another
student at the school. Helen teaches Jane of love in the form of religion. By means of instruction as
well as by example, Helen is able to convey this message. When Jane is punished in front of the
whole school, she tries to accept it as though it has some higher purpose. However, Jane still desires
human affection and is deeply hurt when she is scorned. Jane goes as far as to say, "If others don't
love me, I would rather die than live." Helen's response, "You think too much of the love of human
beings," is a testament to her devout faith (Bronte, 101). When Helen is dying of Typhus later on in
the story, she reminds Jane, "I believe: I have faith: I am going to God" (Bronte, 113). Jane is able
to draw strength from Helen's faith, ultimately making her (Jane) stronger. Jane's faith in a higher
purpose is what guides her through her turbulent life to finally achieve happiness.

When Jane finally leaves Lowood for Thornfield, she is both older and wiser for her experiences
and yet, she is still unfulfilled. Pursuing a new position as a governess, Jane hopes that her new life
will fill that void. At first, Jane is bored by her work, wanting something more out of life. When Jane
finally meets Rochester, his presence totally transforms her life, filling the void. For once, a man
sincerely pays attention to her and is interested in her opinions. Jane soon falls in love with the
eccentric landowner, and yet cannot bring herself to tell him. Due to physical and social
shortcomings, Jane does not see herself as Rochester's equal. When Rochester finally proposes
marriage to Jane, it totally takes her by surprise. What is even more astonishing to Jane, is that he is
the one who actually cites their equality when he says, "It is my spirit that addresses your spirit; just
as if both had passed through the grave, and we stood at God's feet, equal -as we
are!"(Bronte,281) The fact that Rochester was so dedicated to Jane is what devastates her so much
when she discovers that he is already married. Because it would mean compromising her faith in
God as well as her own self-worth, Jane is not willing to have love without marriage and become
Rochester's mistress. Jane feels that the only option she has, is to flee Thornfield Manor and pursue
a new life.

 
 
After arriving at Moor House, Jane is offered marriage without love from St. John; the exact
opposite of what had been offered by Rochester. Jane has as difficult a time refusing this proposition
as she did Rochester's, saying, "Religion called-Angels beckoned-God commanded- life rolled
together like a scroll-death's gate's opening, showed