Krunal Desai
Mrs. DiVietro
English II Honors
28 Mar. 2015
Learning Target 1: The Communist Manifesto
In the political philosophy, The Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels accentuate the idea of class relations. The first part of the philosophy, "Bourgeois and Proletarians", is when the idea of the coexistence of classes is introduced. The "bourgeoisie", or the capital class of society, were the owners of the means of production during the Industrial Age. From the authors\' standpoint, the bourgeoisie are tyrants that have transmuted the working environment, and because they have ceased all relations between a subordinate and his superior, this class has only an interest in capital. They have taken away the value and dignity of all occupations, leaving them known as only "wage-labourers". The bourgeoisie began the animosity between the classes, and unbeknownst to them, this odium would lead to a revolution that results in the downfall of these capitalists. This class has altered the family bond to an insignificant financial struggle, and these families are considered the proletarians, or the working class. One of the first details of the proletarians, mentioned by the authors, was that "All are instruments of labour, more or less expensive to use, according to their age and sex" (Marx and Engels 228). The capitalists had no sense of care for their "servants", because if a profit was accumulated, their goal was met. The proletariats were only the auxiliary part to their machines. "The various interests and conditions of life within the ranks of the proletariat are more and more equalized, in proportion as machinery obliterates all distinctions of labour, and nearly everywhere reduces wages to the same low level" (Marx and Engels 229). The term "wage slave", can be directed towards the proletariats, as they were completely dependent on the day-day wages that they earned, and so they were bound to the chains of the capitalist. Not only does this further the enmity towards the bourgeoisie, but it causes greater dissension between these classes. These two classes compose the "modern feudal system", and it can be seen that the bourgeoisie are the nobles, whereas the proletariats are the serfs or peasants. The capitalist acquires all profit that the proletariats labour for, and when he can no longer work, the superior casts him aside. These factors lead up to the philosophers\' belief that the proletarians will overthrow the bourgeoisie. The labourers will come to a realization of this tyranny, and so this would mark the beginning of a revolution. "Of all the classes that stand face to face with the bourgeoisie today, the proletariat alone is a really revolutionary class" (Marx and Engels 231). The proletariats are the only "radicals" that have been trained to overthrow the bourgeoisie with the capitalists\' own invention, industry. The labourers shall harness the suffering that industrialization has brought, in order to commence the deposition of the bourgeoisie. Marx and Engels use the "realization of the proletariat" as the climax of the antagonism between the proletarians and the bourgeoisie. "The modern labourer, on the contrary, instead of rising with the progress of industry, sinks deeper and deeper below the conditions of existence of his own class" (Marx and Engels). The labourer cannot rise with his society, and in the end, he is only a pauper. He and others of his kind realize that the capitalists no longer have the power or support to be the ruling class in this "feudal society". The conflict between these classes will come to an end when the labourer begins this insurrection. The existence of the bourgeoisie can no longer be a part of society, and the relation between these classes give evidence that the proletarians have enough animosity that can spark a revolution. This idea of the "overthrow of the bourgeoisie" has lingered into the early 1900s as well. In Upton Sinclair\'s, The Jungle, the author portrays the evils of the capitalistic economy. He uses Marx\'s idea of how the proletariats will dispose of the bourgeoisie, but Sinclair manipulates this idea in terms of socialism. Throughout the novel, the audience can witness the transmutation of a capitalistic mindset, to a socialistic thinking. According to the German philosophers, the end of class strife will only occur if the workingman revolts. Preaching socialism will not tend to this friction, nor will it keep