Marine Corps

The following was a submitted report for a U.S. History research paper assignment We fight our country's battles in the air, on land and sea. First to fight for right and freedom, and to keep our honor clean; We are proud to claim the title of United States Marine. Our flag's unfurled to every breeze from dawn to setting sun. We have fought in every clime and place, where we could take a gun. In the snow of far off northern lands and in sunny tropic scenes, You will find us always on the job, The United States Marines. Here's health to you and to our Corps which we are proud to serve. In many a strife we've fought for life and never lost our nerve. If the Army and the Navy ever look on heaven's scenes, they will find the streets are guarded by United States Marines." The Marine hymn is eternally etched in the mind's and soul of every recruit and officer who have served in the United States Marine Corps. Every Marine has gone through boot camp, each sacrificing blood, sweat, and tears. One thing that has never deteriorated in their years of existence is the fact that they have yet to lose a war they have put effort in. Is this exceptional record due to their extensive training? Is it because of their aggressive nature and mindset? What is to follow may shed some light on these questions and perhaps give some type of insight on how the Marine Corps was so prevailing and what conflicts had they had conquered. 1775, November 10th. This date is memorized and celebrated by every United States Marine as something of excellence, a date of honor. This date is non other than the "birthdate" of the Marine Corps. It was on this date that the Continental Congress passed a resolution to create two operational battalions of American Marines. These men would ultimately be headed by Captain Samuel Nicholas, of the United States Naval department. It was in Philadelphia that the first Marines were grouped and trained for their inaugural mission. The three hundred Marines that had been recruited, were placed aboard eight transport ships, all destined for the beaches of New Providence (the Bahamas). Upon their landing on March 3rd, 1776, they fought up the beach, sweeping through a barrage of bullets, and took command of two small stone forts and a number of military storage complexes. This was marked as the first mission of the Marines, as well as their first success over seas. In December, now under command of Major Samuel Nicholas, the Marines of now three companies, made their way towards Trenton in hopes of joining Washington in his fight at the Battle of Princeton. In the months to come, the Marines would assist the "American" forces against the English, and finally, gaining the Independence for America on July 4th, 1776. It was on July 11, 1798 that President John Adams signed a bill, which would allow the United States Marine Corps to officialize and gain a total of five hundred privates, as well as necessary officers and non-commissioned officers. It would be the next decade that the Marines would be victorious in the "Quasi-War" with France (1798-1801), the "Barbary Wars" (1801-1815) as well as the "Second War of Independence" (1812-1815). Training for these young men was crude. The Marines had little resources and even less area to train within. It would be, for most of the remaining 1800s, that the Marines be used to conquer additional land in areas such as China, Formosa, Japan, Korea, Samoa, Hawaii, Panama, Nicaragua, Uruguay, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Haiti, and Egypt. These Marines would be sent in, followed by the "Bluejackets", to claim land and objectives (property) for the United States for the purpose of "protecting American lives and property". After the United States declared war against Germany on April 6th, 1917, three oversized battalions of Marines set sail to France where they would find duties on ports as guards and Military Policemen. It was the second regiment, the 6th, that would join the trenches at Verdun, France. What would end up a coincidence, or not, the German offensive forces ended their campaign with an armistice only a day after the Marine Corps birthday... November 11th. Throughout this time, the Marines had established numerous bases in which