Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections
Gwendolyn A Mccarley
STEPHANIE TURKEL


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacteria that is resistant to many antibiotics. In the community, most MRSA infections are skin infections. In medical facilities, MRSA causes life-threatening bloodstream infections, pneumonia and surgical site infections. MRSA is a very big problem in nursing homes, hospitals and doctor offices.
MRSA is usually spread by direct contact with an infected wound or from contaminated hands, usually those of healthcare providers. Also, people who carry MRSA but, do not have signs of infection can spread the bacteria to others and potentially cause an infection. In nursing homes MRSA can be easily transmitted from patient to patient by CNAís because usually the ratio is very low when it comes to certified nurse aid to patients, most generally there are 30 patients to one certified nurse aid so the aid has to move very quickly between patients a lot of them donít have time to clean their hands before moving to the next patient.



How common is MRSA
The CDC is engaged in several short and long term surveillance (infection tracking) projects that involve collaboration with health departments, individual hospital, and academic medical centers, among others. Understanding the burden of MRSA how much is occurring, where it is happening, and how it is being spread and it is essential for developing effective prevention programs and measuring their impact. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. It causes a staph infection that is resistant to several common antibiotics. There are two types of infection. Hospital associated MRSA happens to people in healthcare settings. Community associated MRSA happens to people who have close skin to skin contact with others, such as athletes involved in football and wrestling. Thomas, Glenn (2011).
There are several different types of MRSA.
Staphylococcus aureus is a type of bacterium. Like other kinds of bacteria, S aureus frequently lives on the skin and in the nose without causing health problems. Staphylococcus aureus becomes a problem when it is a source of infection in the skin, lungs, or blood. These bacteria can be spread from one person to another through casual contact or through sharing contaminated objects. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria are resistant to commonly used antibiotics, the medicines used to treat bacterial infections. Because of this, MRSA infections are more difficult to treat than ordinary S aureus infections. MRSA that is acquired in a hospital is called hospital-associated MRSA. MRSA infections are now becoming more common in healthy, non-hospitalized persons. These infections can occur among young people with cuts or wounds who have close contact with each other, such as members of sports teams. This type of MRSA is called community acquired mrsa. My oldest daughter got this type of MRSA when her leg got hit by a cart at work she had it for many months and every once in a while it comes back. Her doctor keeps giving her cream to put on it and for now the cream seems to be working along with antibiotics. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Risk factors for HA MRSA include. Current or recent hospitalization. Residence in a long-term care facility. Invasive procedures such as urinary catheters, intra-arterial lines, or central venous lines. Recent or long-term antibiotic use. Family members or close contacts who are health care workers. Chronic renal dialysis. Risk factors for CA-MRSA include Participation in contact sports. Sharing towels or athletic equipment. Having a weakened immune system, such as in persons with HIV/AIDS. Living in crowded or unsanitary conditions, such as prisons
TREATMENT AND PREVENTION. Both HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA still respond to certain medications. Doctors usually treat suspected and confirmed infections with vancomycin, but resistance to vancomycin can also occur. Few other drugs are available. Current research is directed toward development of new antibiotics. To prevent the spread of MRSA: Ask hospital staff to wash their hands before touching you. Wash your own hands frequently and avoid sharing personal items like razors or towels. Follow hospitals\' isolation procedures for gowns, gloves, and masks. Wipe down shared equipment at gyms before and after using them. Athletes should participate in sports only if any open wounds can be kept covered during participation. Good hand hygiene by health workers protects patients from drug resistant infections. Health workers can play a vital role to protect patients from infections that