Douglas McGregor?s X and Y theory recommends that the organisation follows one out of the two approaches in their management. Below is a brief summary of both theories:
Theory X
This theory states that the average worker is lazy and does not like to work and will do anything to avoid working, the theory also states that the worker has to be closely supervised, controlled and pressurized in order to work.
Theory Y
This theory is a clear opposite of theory X, it states that the average employee enjoys working and is self-motivated and that if individuals are given freedom there is a greater opportunity to increase work efficiency. It can be seen as a laissez faire approach to management.
McGregor?s theory of X and Y represents two extremes, which probably aren?t applied in full by today?s organisations. However the theory has provided the foundations for today?s management strategy.