Napoleon Bonaparte



Napoleon Bonaparte was possibly Frances greatest military mind ever. He was promoted through the ranks by hard

work, dedication and his ability to think quickly. He eventually worked his way up to become the Emperor of

France.

Napoleon was born on August 15, in the year of 1769. He was born at Ajaccio, Corsica. This was a small island off

the coast of North Africa. Napoleon?s parents Letizia and Carlo Bonaparte reserved Napoleon a spot at a French

military school, and when Napoleon became old enough his parents sent him away to the school which was in

Brienne France. Napoleon was not well excepted by the other students at the school. They felt he was a foreigner

and Napoleon became a loner devoting all of his time to his studies. After Napoleon?s graduation he continued his

military schooling by going on to attend the Cole Military Academy in Paris. Napoleon spent one year there before

he was assigned to an infantry unit as a second lieutenant. His unit did not see much action in its fist few years, but

Napoleon still managed to show his leadership qualities.

In 1789 the French Revolution began. Napoleon look forward to the revolution, and supported it. In 1793 at the

siege of Toulon, loyalist leaders and British troops clashed in fearsome battle. Napoleon fought heroically and the

British were driven out. As Napoleon?s reward he was given a promotion to general and his own infantry unit.

Ufortunitly Napoleon ran into some bad luck, the leader of the French Revolution Maximilien Robespierre became

power hungry and lost control. His own men mutinized against him and executed him. Bonapart was also captured

and briefly imprisoned because he was a member of Robspierre?s faction. Napoleon was freed just two months later.

In 1795 a revolt began in Paris over a new constitution that was presented by the National Convention, the National

Convention was name the of the new government that had taken power in France. Napoleon received orders from

Frances military leader to defend the convention, and control the situation. Upon his arrival Napoleon realized that

the crowd had turned into an ugly mob. Napoleon was able to take control of the situation, disperse the mob and

restore peace. Paul Barras who was in control of the French military was so impressed with Napoleon he promoted

him to commander.

Napoleons next duty was to carry out a series of operations in Italy that would ideally divide and conquer the

Sardinian and Austrian armies in Italy. Napoleons plan was to divide the opposing force into two parts. He would

then throw his force at one half before the other half had time to rejoin them. Using this tactic Napoleon destroyed

the Sardinian armies. Napoleon could not be stopped. The King of Sardinia started talking of peace but Napoleon

did not listen, he continued his path of terror and completely wiped out the Sardinians. Now Napoleon was

determined to defeat the Austrians.

Napoleon first attacked a large Austrian army in Mantua. The Austrian?s sent four separate brigades of

reinforcements to help hold off Napoleons army but it wasn?t enough. Napoleon?s army still defeated the Austrians

at Mantua. Napoleon continued to forge his way through the country. In 1797 when he came with in eighty miles of

Vienna, the Austrians knew they were defeated and surrendered.. After the surrender Napoleon negotiated the treaty

with the Austrians, which obviously greatly favored France. Napoleon in total had won 14 pitched battles and 70

combats. Also whenever Napoleon took over a rich lands he used those lands to feed and pay his army, and then the

rest would be sent back to France. This greatly helped their poor economy.

When Napoleon returned to France he received a heroes welcome. Napoleon was overwhelmed with the support he

got from the people. He knew that this would be the perfect time to pursue an office in politics. Napoleon had

dreams of being the next Alexander the great. He asked the government if he could take a large army to Egypt.

Napoleon thought that if he conquered Egypt he could attack the English by surprise and cut off their trading routes.

Napoleon brought 35,000 troops with him to Egypt. He won his battles and occupied Egypt. Unfortunately for

Napoleon the British had already learned of his plans to take them by surprise and attack them from the south. As