Organ Trafficking
Jasmine McGraw-20134402
April 2, 2017
Rust College









Abstract
The world is aware of almost every crime out there. Most know about selling drugs, robbing, stealing identities, prostitution, and even human trafficking. However, the world doesn't- or a better way to word it - denies about a crime that's been going on for decades. This crime is called the black market. What goes on in this black market is the focus on this study. The black market is more than just selling a human, they sell human's organs. This study purpose is to give information about the black market.











Most people are aware of many crimes including drug trafficking, rape, burglary, and human trafficking. These crimes are addressed every day. However, there is one crime that is hiding in the shadows. This crime isn't in the news like any other crime, this crime has less attention than the other crimes, but this crime is global. Some people may think when someone is getting an organ donated it's from a volunteered donor. In many cases, it is from a volunteered donor, but what most people doesn't know is the process of the organ being donated. This process isn't just any process, it is an illegal trade. This vicious crime is called organ trafficking. The illegal trade is known as the "Black Market". Most people aren't aware of organ trafficking, some would mistake it just for human trafficking. The black market is a global crime, which mean there are black market rings around the world.
Back in 2009 there was a "matchmaker" named Levy Izhak Rosenbaum from Brooklyn. Rosenbaum business wasn't for the good. He allegedly brokered the sale of black-market kidneys, he bought organs from people that were from Israel for $10,000. Then he sold them for $160,000 to desperate patients in need of an organ in the US. This scheme rocked the transplant's industry (The Associated Press n.pg). Apparently, the organ market is on the rise worldwide. Countless stories of networks of themselves in an illegal brokers, physicians, and hospitals involved trade (Tazeen n.pg). Organ trafficking might be one of the most dangerous crime to get into.
Trading organs occurs in three categories. First, victims are forced into giving up their organ. Secondly, there are victims who agree to sell their organ but are cheated because they either don't get paid for their organ or they get paid less than what the promised price. Thirdly, organs are removed without the victim's knowledge ("Trafficking for the Organ Trade"). Trading organs without the victim's consent is violating their human rights. The common organs that are traded are kidneys and the liver (Scutti n.pg). This organ trade can be dangerous and quite deadly. Per the World Health Organization "unlike drug and sex trafficking, there is little reliable information on this illegal trade. It is believed that it is increasing with brokers that allegedly charge between $100,000 and $200,000 to construct a transplant for wealthy people" (O'Reilly n.pg). The trafficking of organs can seem like a crime that gets very little attention, not only does it needs to be solved it also needs to be stop permanently. Dr. David E. Samdi quoted in Andrew O'Reilly's article "Organ Trafficking on the Rise", "an illegal market had capitalized on these individuals' desperation and the prospects of large profits are creating unfortunate incentives, with patients willing to pay up to $200,000 for a kidney" (O'Reilly n.pg).
Obviously, this illegal trade of organs has a very common seller. The sellers include the poor, new immigrants, global guest workers, or political and economic refugees that are recruited from the dealer (Scheper-Hughes n.pg). Forcing people for donated organs in wealthy nations is increasing faster than the supply of organs that are donated traditionally. This leads to people living in poverty to sell their vital organs to the highest bidder (O'Reilly n.pg). Unfortunately, when these victims agree to sell their organ they are cheated by not getting paid at all, get paid less than what the buyer promised, or the organs are removed without the victim's knowledge ("Trafficking for Organ Trade"). A report by Global Financial Integrity states that "an estimate that illegal organ trade is approximately between $600 million and