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Your personality describes who you truly are as noted some personality types are bound to do certain things whether it be self-destructive behavior or self-driven behavior. Your personality could help start you off on the right path or lead you down a dark road to where life hands you lemons. During this paper you will learn more about the personality types and how they affect people in everyday life.
Psychoanalytic perspective deals with your unconscious actions and how your early experiences in childhood affect you as an adult. Psychoanalysis also deals with sexual and aggressive instinctual drive. The structure of a personality can be broken down further into three basic groups. The id, which refers to the unconscious and i rrational part of a personality; This party of the personality usually pushes for immediate satisfaction of urges and drives and is run by the pleasure principle. The ego is the second part of the personality and this refers to the conscious more rotational part of a personality that assigns thoughts and behaviors, and is usually the most used in your everyday life. The last is the superego; this is part of the personality which is more of a partly conscious, self-evaluating, more moral part of the personality. It is more of a learned personality trait usually from society and family. Psychosexual is one of the theories inside the psychoanalysis the present information on the personality development. There are five stages of development starting with oral, anal, phallic latency, and finally genital stage. Each stage presents a different focus on the ids sexual energies.
Humanistic perspective is an optimistic look at human nature, evaluating the self and the fulfillment of one's potential. The humanistic perspective really strives for free will, self-awareness, and psychological growth. Humanistic perspective is very much like Maslow's hierarchy of needs where psychologists believe that people are motivated by the need to grow psychologically. Even though this may not be true for most people there is still a certain percentage of the population that looks for the opportunity to grow. Self-concept is a personality development theory that goes hand and hand with human perspective. Self-concept is the set of perceptions and beliefs that you already have about yourself. This could include your nature as a person, your personal qualities and your typical behavior. The self-concept usually starts early in life with young children and infants. Where children usually become aware of their surroundings but when children become more self-aware there is a bigger need for positive regard. Positive regard is just the feeling of being loved and valued by other people especially one's parents. When the child is given only conditional positive regard it causes the child to learn to deny their genuine feelings.
Social cognitive perspective is the active processing of information from social experiences. During this perspective people usually make self-system based on person's personal skills, abilities and attitudes. A personality development theory in this perspective would be observational learning. Observational learning is no different than when a kid copies their parents when looking at something they are doing. The issue with this perspective is theory focuses on very limited areas of the personality such as learning, the effects of situations and the effects of beliefs about themselves. In the study lab, the relationships have a limited number of variables that can be studied. This leaves out the fact the everyday life has situations that are a lot more complex than just variables listed.
Trait perspective focuses on identifying, describing and measuring individual differences in behavior predisposition. A basic example of this would be just from knowing someone you could describe different traits about them whether they be outgoing or shy. The most basic of the traits are the surface traits. These traits can easily be assumed based on observing behaviors. Source traits are more fundamental than surface traits. Trait theorists believe that there are very few actual source traits. Some theorists believe that behavioral genetics play a part in the traits that people develop. Behavioral genetics studies the effects of genes and heredity on behavior. Some of the studies may involve differences between identical twins
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