Racial and Ethnic Groups in African
Breanna O. Green
Oct. 18, 2015









There are so many different racial groups represented in Africa. The marriage came across ethnic or "racial" boundaries. As intermarriage becomes common, ethnic/racial differences often are progressively blurred. Many ethnic/racial group organizations are opposed to intermarriage. The total population of African, according to the American Community Survey (ACS) (2008-2012) is an estimated 1.111 billion people and the dominant race is black. The black population is estimated to be 41,000,938 people, which is 79.2% of the total population. The second largest race is the colored and white population with an estimated 4,586,838, which is 8.9% of the total population. The final largest race is Indian/ Asia population with an estimated 1,286,930, which is 2.5% of the total population. These four races play a role in the make-up of the Africa community.
Africa is the people that refer an Africa called a Dark Continent, meaning that Africans were uncivilized, unsophisticated, and ignorant people. West Africa, East Africa, and ancient Zimbabwe are examples that refute this stereotype. The Dark Continent would not be an accurate label for Ancient Africa. Africa consisted mainly of three empires: Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. They had intelligent people that contributed to their culture and structures that resemble to a nowadays-city. There was a fortress built that was guarded by many soldiers to protect the city, which is similar to the cities today in modern countries with their own military force. Though education, a country can have economic growth, less gender discrimination, and international trade. Without the education, Africa will remain the same step; it will not be any improvement in its own development strategies.
The second largest race is the colored and white population with 4,586,838. White South Africans are predominantly descendants of Dutch, German, French Huguenots, English and other European settlers. Culturally and linguistically, they are divided into the Afrikaners, who speak Afrikaans, and English-speaking groups. The white population has been on the decrease due to a low birth rate and emigration; as a factor in their decision to emigrate, many cite the high crime rate and the affirmative action policies of the government. The colored population is mainly concentrated in the Cape region, and come from a combination of ethnic backgrounds including Black, White, Khoi, San, Griqua, Chinese and Malay. They use the term "colored" for the people that was mixed race descended from slaves brought in from East and Central Africa, the indigenous Khoisan who lived in the Cape at the time, Bantus, Whites (mostly the Dutch/Afrikaner and British settlers) as well as an admixture of Javanese, Malay Indian, Malagasy and Asian blood. The majority speak they use is called Afrikaans. Khoisan refers to two separate groups, physically similar: light-skinned and small in stature.
The final largest race is Indian/ Asia population with an estimated 1,286,930, which is 2.5% of the total population. The major part of the South African Asian population is India in origin; many of them descended from indentured worker brought in the nineteenth century to work on the sugar plantations of the eastern coastal area then they had known as Natal. There were serious riots in Durban between Indians and Zulus erupted in 1949.








Cited
Lehohla, Pali (5 May 2005). “Debate over race and Censuses not peculiar to SA”. Business Report. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
Kristin Henrard (2002). Minority Protection in Post-Apartheid South Africa: Human Rights, Minority Rights, and Self-Determination. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 43.
Current Africa race riot like 1949 Anti-Indian Riots: Minister. TheIndianStar.com. 26 May 2008.