Recommendation For Recycling Water in Florida



Prepared for: Tom Petty, Chairman Of The Board Department Of Environmental
Regulation Board



by: Environmental Specialist, Pasco County Florida

November 29, 1996

Contents

Abstract................................................2 Executive
Summary.......................................3
Introduction............................................4
Methods.................................................4
Results.................................................5 Basic background
information on water reuse in Florid...5
Reclaiming Waste Water in Florida Uses for reclaimed or reused
water......................7

Conclusions.............................................7
Recommendations.........................................7
References..............................................7





Abstract

"Recommendation for Recycling Water in a Florida Pilot Plant"

The water shortage problem has affected all of us in one way or another.
Either through the mandatory restrictions or the increased price of water, or
even the ever increasing occurrence of sinkholes, the evidence of a water
shortage is everywhere. Since we need water to survive, and there are no
alternatives to support life on this planet, we must find a way to keep up with
our ever increasing water demand.
This report presents the water shortage problem that is occurring in
Florida. This report will familiarize you with the problem and explain the
other uses currently being employed in Florida. This report also explains the
procedure, as well as a recommendation including the site and costs involved,
along with a short background on the proposed procedure. I recommend that the
recycled project be funded and allow the pilot plant to meet the ever increasing
demand for water in Florida.

Executive Summary

The water shortage problem effects us all in one way or another. Either
through the mandatory restrictions or the increased price of water, or even the
ever increasing occurrence of sinkholes, the evidence of a water shortage is
everywhere. Since we need water to survive, and there are no alternatives to
support life on this planet, we must find a way to keep up with our expanding
water demand.
I feel that the only viable option is to recycle the water we are using.
By recycling the water, we will be able to drop the price and stop the sinkholes
from occurring and ease the mandatory restrictions placed upon us by the water
shortage.
The research that was completed and all the information I gathered
showed that a price of $50,000 would cover all the expenses needed to set up a
pilot plant, including the labor which will be done in-house.
The $50,000 required will be recovered in less then a year's time, and
since it will also satisfy the voracious appetite for water, I feel it is a
viable option. The plant could be operational in 3 months upon approval of the
funds. I feel this option is both economically and environmentally feasible and
would like to get started as soon as possible.

Introduction

Water, our most precious resource, is becoming in short demand. With
water use increasing every day here in Florida, will there be enough water for
everybody? We live in a state where people are migrating into every day, due to
the desirable climate and recreation options. With this influx increasing at an
alarming rate, where will we get the water to supply the demand? Clearly, at
the present rate of use the water table is decreasing. As we see more and more
sinkholes, due to the overpumping of the water table, we realize another
alternative must be developed. This completion report will update you on the
progress of the option of recycling the water in our Pasco County test plant, at
the Moon Lake plant. We use water every day and in many ways. We use water to
take a shower, brush our teeth, water our lawns, wash our laundry and cars or
just simply to support our very existence. Clearly we cannot do without water,
and there simply is not enough to go around. One alternative is to recycle the
water. We already treat our waste water with processes that result in a water
99.5% pure. If this water was to be sent to a water treatment plant to be
processed along with the water already being processed, there would be plenty of
water available. This water could be used as potable water, for drinking or
cooking, or for laundry or irrigation. The reclaimed water could be reinjected
(deep well injection) into the aquifer to offset the amount being pumped every
day. Enclosed is a flow chart through a waste water and water plant already in
use. There is little or no modification required to accomplish recycling of
water. Once the water completes the treatment at the waste water facility, it
would be rerouted to the head, or beginning of the water treatment plant. As of
this point in time, we have completed a flow chart designed for your plant and a
brief estimate of the costs involved.
The facilities already in use to process the water we drink now could be
used with little, or in some cases no modifications. This would alleviate our
water shortage problems both now and