Richard Lee
English 21003
21 October 2015
Research Proposal
The United States Environmental Protection Agency website acknowledges global warming and that it causes climate change. Climate change is the scientific concept that refers to the alteration of weather conditions over a period of time. Despite such strong scientific consensus to back it up, the topic is one of the latest controversial scientific issues in politics. It had added more divisive tension within the American political-economic landscape. Some critics have eliminated the idea considering it irrelevant to science. Or perhaps some critics accept that the climate is changing, but do not believe that humans have caused it. Based on political and economic actions and support, fossil fuel and non-renewable based industry dependence serves as the root of the climate change skeptic movement.
Discussing the cause of climate change is a unique topic because it is highly politicized. The coal and crude oil businesses have been targeted for the blame. Yet, crude oil and coal have tremendous influence in the economy, and thus the policies that governments enact. The implication of socio-economic acceptance of man-made climate change would entail a significant overhaul of economic activities through energy and natural resource uses. As a result, everyday behavior of individuals such as driving and using plastic bags may also need to change. Before reaching these implications, society must understand the causes by evaluating the evidence on climate change.
To explain anthropogenic climate change, research information will be retrieved from the community of climate scientists, governmental panels on climate change, as well as national newspapers. Governmental agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency will also provide useful information. In addition, policy think tanks will report credible research. First, reported studies must show that global warming is occurring and that climate change proceeds. Next, the paper shall have resources that indicate the cause of climate change. These resources should cover geological history paired with economic activity, in particular with the industrial age. Finally, research will be performed on the ties between climate change skeptics and fossil fuel industry. These ties tend to manifest in policy proposal or critical analysis and reports that misuse scientific data.
The structure of paper will reflect the method of research. The research paper will open with a definition of "global warming" and "climate change." It will then present the evidence for climate change. Next, the potential causes of climate change will be explored. Further research on past climate changes and their causes will also be observed. Both sides of the debate on how the current climate change differs and its causes will be given fair treatment. The first half of the paper will focus on the scientific basic climate change because it provides the reader with evidence on climate change by fossil fuels and nonrenewable resources.
Climate change skeptics act by criticizing, mobilizing and lobbying against climate change based measures. Therefore, the critical response to these polices will be further documented. The reader will see how most of these critics receive significant support from crude oil and/or coal companies. In sum, the research will consist of many indicators and historical data to prove the phenomenon and its human causes. Then, articles and reports from both sides of the argument will be analyzed to show that non-renewable industry supporters are the main stakeholders in the denial of climate change.

Works Cited
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Loris, Nicolas. "New EPA Inspector General Report: One More Reason to Reject Climate-Change Regulation" The Heritage Foundation Energy and Environment. November 16 2011 Web.
Muller, Richard A. "The Conversion of a Climate-Change Skeptic" The New York Times. New York 2012 Web
Myhre, G. et al. "2013: Anthropogenic and Natural Radiative Forcing. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change" Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA 2013 Web.
NOAA Paleoclimatology Program. "Abrupt Climate