Sam Adams



Every so often, a man of true passion is born. A man exceedingly dedicated

to his principles, and very firm in his beliefs. Samuel Adams was such a

man. Adams was a patriot, and one of the more influential men in the

colonies. However, even as a patriot, he did not support the Constitution.

How could such a patriot be an anti-federalist? Once again, it all comes

down to an issue of beliefs.

Samuel Adams was born on September 27, 1722. He was the son of a successful

merchant and malter. As a boy, he attended Boston Grammar School. In 1736

he decided to enter Harvard. It was here that he became active in colonial

politics. He joined such clubs as the Caucus Club, which was influential in

nominating candidates for local office. Here he became interested in

revolution. The subject for his Master of Arts thesis was "Whether it be

lawful to resist the Supreme Magistrate, if the Commonwealth cannot otherwise

be preserved."(Brown 10). In 1740 he graduated and set off to help put an

end to England's rule over the colonies. Every so often, a man of true

passion is born. A man exceedingly dedicated to his principles, and very

firm in his beliefs. Samuel Adams was such a man. Adams was a patriot, and

one of the more influential men in the colonies. However, even as a

patriot, he did not support the Constitution. How could such a patriot be an

anti-federalist? Once again, it all comes down to an issue of beliefs.

Samuel Adams was born on September 27, 1722. He was the son of a successful

merchant and malter. As a boy, he attended Boston Grammar School. In 1736

he decided to enter Harvard. It was here that he became active in colonial

politics. He joined such clubs as the Caucus Club, which was influential in

nominating candidates for local office. Here he became interested in

revolution. The subject for his Master of Arts thesis was "Whether it be

lawful to resist the Supreme Magistrate, if the Commonwealth cannot otherwise

be preserved."(Brown 10). In 1740 he graduated and set off to help put an

end to England's rule over the colonies.

Adams got married early in life. His first wife, however, died before they

had spent much time together. She left him with two children. Later, he

married for a second time. He spent much time during this marriage at attic

meetings of the Caucus. It was here that he learned the fine points of being

a politician.

Samuel first got a chance to use these skills when he was elected tax

collector of Boston in 1756. He remained tax collector for eight years.

With the help of his outspoken opposition to both the Molasses Act and to

the Sugar Act, Adams made an impression on the people of the colonies. This

brought him into the center of Boston's political circle.

It was then that Adams truly became involved. In 1765, he organized a

formal protest against the Stamp Act. From there, Adam's became a founding

member of the Boston chapter of The Sons of Liberty. This was an influential

group that was very opposed to British rule. Adams also led the fight

against the Townshend Acts. This demonstration led to the Boston Massacre.

He also planned and coordinated the resistance to the Tea Act, which led to

the Boston Tea Party.

From 1774 to 1781, Adams represented Massachusetts on the Continental

Congress. He was considered one of the workhorses of the Congress. He

worked on several committees, propelled by stamina, realism, and commitment

(Brown 10). Samuel was part of a radical faction that demanded strong

measures to be taken against Great Britain. They wanted to make Britain

regret imposing numerous irrelevant taxes on the colonies. With the help of

John Adams, he convinced the Congress to impose a nonimportation agreement

against England. Later, he helped to draft the Massachusetts state

constitution.

Samuel Adams never attended the Constitutional Convention. As an

anti-federalist, he was strongly opposed to the Constitution. Both he and

Patrick Henry boycotted the convention due to the fear of a strong central

government. While the Convention was underway in Philadelphia, he was back

at home speaking before the public on the faults of what was being written.

A loss of personal rights was Adams main fear. Adams favored the Articles

of Confederation, which left most of the power in the hand's of the

individual states. With the central government having the true power, and

that power being vested in one man, Adams feared his new country would be no

different from his former. If his fears were correct, a strong sovereign

would have complete power. If so, individual freedom