Social media in social revolutions

One of the reasons for which modern era is so blessed is itís so much improved communication system. The networking system now a day is so good that the whole world is virtually connected now. This is called the interconnected network, most commonly known as the Internet. It has created a new channel for communication. That is social media. But social media is no longer just a communication device rather it is much more than that. One of the topmost and popularly used social media is Twitter.
Twitter is actually a micro blogging website. Currently this is 2nd most popular social networking website after Facebook. It was founded on March 21st, 2006 by Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, Biz Stone and Noah Glass. As of May 2015, Twitter has more than 500 million users, out of which more than 302 million are active users.
Impact of Twitter in bringing social changes:
The impact of twitter is never deniable, not only for communication but also itís wide application. Twitter has become more and more influential as of date. And it is so influential that it can shift the course of an ongoing process. It can bring about changes in society. The effect of twitter is well known to everyone as it has demonstrated itís influence among people in recent past. Some aspects are-
Online communication:
Communication was never been so easy like this. Now people can virtually communicate with a lot of people at the same time. Now people share their ideas, feelings and activities with their friends in an instance. People now a day donít bother informing every event one by one rather they share this type of events with others at a time. This is a revolution in communication process.

Social Connections:
Weak social and interpersonal connections do not help people social changes. Stanford sociologist Doug McAdam who studied the 1960 African-American civil rights movement cited on the fact that why people took part on that movement. Thing that mattered more was an applicantís degree of personal connection to the civil‐rights movement. Now it is made possible to strengthen these relationships using twitter or so. People are more attached to each other due to these.

Twitter has been adopted as a communication and learning tool in educational settings mostly in colleges and universities. It has been used as a backchannel to promote student interactions, especially in large-lecture courses. Research has found that using Twitter in college courses helps students communicate with each other and faculty, promotes informal learning, allows shy students a forum for increased participation, increases student engagement, and improves overall course grades.

Political motivation:
An important aspect of motivating social change is convincing people that their participation will make a difference, especially if their participation will require them to experience personal discomfort or danger. This is no small task. In large groups, such as those involved in a collective political protest, the contribution to the action of each ordinary member (i.e., one who is not a leader of the group) has no discernible impact on the groupís overall success; therefore, the rational individual will not absorb the cost of participation (such as time, financial resources, or the threat of physical injury), since he or she will enjoy the public good in any case if others provide it.
The work behind to social change is now often associated purely with the tools people use to communicate, instead of the people behind the work. It should be noted that regardless of the tools used in planning and organizing, from word of mouth to radio to Internet, the same basic principles of motivation must be applied. Social media may make the task of communicating information easier, but the task of convincing people to take personal risks is not lessened.
Twitter was used as a catalyst for bringing political changes in following events-
 Moldova civil unrest (2009): It was claimed that the elections, which saw the governing Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) win a majority of seats, were fraudulent.
 Iranian election protests (2009Ė2010): This is also known as Green Revolution, following the 2009 Iranian presidential election.
 Tunisian revolution (2010Ė2011): It is also known as Jasmine Revolution and Wikileaks Revolution, in which the regime of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was ended after 23 years.
 Egyptian