Stage of Development Physical Development Cognitive Development Social
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Part I – Developmental Stages
For each developmental domain, physical, cognitive, and social, identify two major changes or challenges associated with the following stages: childhood, adolescence, and adulthood.
Stage of Development Physical Development Cognitive Development Social Development Childhood Operate a mechanical toy, walk up steps with help Can mimic and make sounds of letters, comprehends order and processes Begins to follow directions, begins to share and take turns Adolescence This is normally when puberty hits, also when the hands and feet tend to grow before the torso The brain is still developing, immature and impulsive behavior A child tends to look at parents for influence; sexual relationships become important during this stage Adulthood Physically mature, wrinkles and graying hair, hearing loss and weight gain At the height of cognitive abilities although you will learn new things every day, becomes more focused and elderly people tend to make the most of their cognitive abilities. Only a majority experience midlife crisis, sibling bonds strengthen, while friendships are fewer and more deeply value.
Part II – Developmental Gaps
Respond to the following in at least 150 words:
Demonstrate the interdependence of all the areas of development (physical, cognitive, and social) by imagining a persons’ behavior with one area missing. You may focus on a specific age or imagine how a later age would be affected by the lack of an area during an earlier age (e.g., how a lack of cognitive development during infancy would affect the behavior of an adult).
Revised from Learn Psychology, p. 494
Each child diagnosed with an autistic disorder differs from every other, and so general descriptions of autistic behavior and characteristics do not apply equally to every child. Still, the common impairments in social interaction, communication and imagination, and rigid, repetitive behaviors make it possible to recognize children with these disorders, as they differ markedly from healthy children in many ways. Many parents of autistic children sense that something is not quite right even when their children are infants. The infants may have feeding problems, dislike being changed or bathed, or fuss over any change in routine. They may hold their bodies rigid, making it difficult for parents to cuddle them. Or, they may fail to anticipate being lifted, lying passively while the parent reaches for them, rather than holding their arms up in return. Most parents of autistic children become aware of the strangeness of these and other behaviors only gradually. Impairments in social interaction are usually among the earliest symptoms to develop. The most common social impairment is a kind of indifference to other people, or aloofness, even towards parents and close care-givers. The baby may fail to respond to his or her name being called and may show very little facial expression unless extremely angry, upset, or happy. Babies with autism may resist being touched, and appear to be lost in their own world, far from human interaction. Between seven and 10 months of age, most infants often resist being separated from a parent or well-known caregiver, but these infants may show no disturbance when picked up by a stranger. Other children with autism may be very passive, although less resistant to efforts by others to interact. However, they do not initiate social interaction themselves. Still others may attempt to engage with adults and peers, but in ways that strike others as inappropriate, or odd. In adolescence and adulthood, some of the higher-functioning individuals with autistic disorders may appear overly formal and polite. They may react with little spontaneity, as if social interaction doesn\'t come naturally or easily to them, and so they are trying to follow a pre-determined set of rules. Some individuals with autism have normal intelligence, and many have special talents in areas such as music or memory. However, individuals with autism may have other mental or emotional problems that co-exist with their autism. Some of these other disorders may include impulse control disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, mood and anxiety disorders, and mental retardation . Part III – Nature Versus Nurture
Using your own words, write at least 100 words describing the concept of “nature versus nurture”:
I\'ve come to believe is that we have to nurture their nature. In addition to the predictable mom duties, my job is part detective, part biographer,
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Autism, Psychiatric diagnosis, Pervasive developmental disorders, Neurological disorders, Learning disabilities, Empathy, Outline of autism, Sociological and cultural aspects of autism
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