The first challenge that the boys faced during their dangerous and deadly path to safety was hunger. All throughout the book, these three boys had a struggle with hunger and having a necessary food source. When they were first forced from their villages, they walked the small trails aimlessly, without any direction or place to go. Without a permanent area to stay, the groups that they walked with did not have the requirements to feed by hunting or gathering, so many starved on only the first trek of becoming refugees. Whenever they would enter villages that they came across through their hopeless search for family, which would be their primary source would be at the beginning of their journey. They would beg, sell, barter, or even steal to get any measly amount food that they would be able to but in their stomach\'s to hold them off for the next few days of rigorous marching through unknown areas. Even when they were able to succeed in getting to a refugee camp, the rations that would be dealt out to them were still not enough. After the UN started supplying them with basic necessities, the food that they were given was grain or corn, which could still take a life if not properly made; grinding, which would cost money and time. "The body is like an engine. When the engine is shut down, there is no way you can\'t even think of taking of yourself. When you don\'t have food the mind can\'t take care of all those things" (126). Even at the Kakuma refugee camp, where it was suppose to be paradise, they came to the realization that it was no different from the others.

The second challenge that they faced during their journey was the not only the people that they were trying to escape, but the people who looked down upon them and bashed them verbally, physically, and emotionally. When the Northern Sudan came upon the villages that they lived in, most everything that they had owned and loved was gone; burnt, killed, destroyed, or stolen. Those people were dangerous, and were the reason they embarked on this brutal ramble. Encountering them meant two things for the young boys like them; death or recruitment, both as worse as the other. Even when they were far from the harm or the Northern Sudan army, they were still persecuted by local people who they had hoped would help them. When they reached Ponchla and Panyido in Ethiopia, they were seen as an outcasts running from their own countries. The reason why the ended up leaving the refugee camp in Panyido was not because of the army in their country, but rather in the country they had fled too. They were driven across a river by the gunshots of the native Ethiopians, and the blasts of tanks. "When the Ethiopian government troops drove everybody into the Gilo, whether or not you could swim you had to dive into that water" (145). Even the people that were fighting for their freedom would treat them like absurdity. When Alepho had ridden in the vehicle, a soldier had defecated inside of his bag, and Benjamin was crushed to a point of being unconscious. That were the way people behaved in war, like it was only he or she, and that was it.

The third challenge that the three boys had to face during the war was infections, diseases, and the lack of suitable medical aid. When they were still at their villages, they had doctors, witch doctors, and also simple pharmaceuticals and remedies. But while they were considered "Lost Boys", they had no way of obtaining such medical aids, so if there were to get even simple cuts, to yellow fever, to splinters the size of your forearm lodged into your leg, they could all be considered equally fatal. The lack of nutrition and the simple fact that no refugee was able to stay healthy without the grasps of disease only increased the chances of infection. Alepho was struck by yellow fever, and while such a harmful disease was curable by an artless remedy, it was impossible to collect any necessary materials because of the their predicament. Even available hospitals at refugee camps