The United States As A World Power: How Much Longer Will The US Be The Policeman
of the World ?

Juan Valdez

The United States has been a super power for decades, and since America
has always involved themselves in other countries' problems. Instead of
isolationism, the country has practiced getting involved. Since the Monroe
Presidency, America has been named the World's police force. Dispelling
anarchists, and stopping coos, the united states portrays itself as the world
protector. Since Monroe, some Americans have felt that isolation is the way to
go, and most feel that it is our right to offer assistance. Two recent incidents,
Operation Desert Storm and The War in Bosnia have allowed the United States to
show off it's strength, both on the military and political level. It has also
given the chance for America to evaluate it's foreign policy, but can the World
Super-Power continue to police other countries in light of earlier battles, or
should the stationed troops pack up and home for good.
Americans have always been overseas, protecting or overseeing the peace
of another country. During the Monroe administration many US Policies were
established, some of which are still in effect today. The Monroe Doctrine,
passed into law by Congress under Monroe, has forced the United States to get
into so many conflicts with neighboring Latin American countries. Sometimes even
European countries declared war on America because of this doctrine.
The Monroe Doctrine was delivered by James Monroe to the United States
Congress in 1823. Since that time, this document has been the cornerstone of the
United States foreign policy. This document was established for two major
reasons, both involving European countries on United States soil. The first was
Russia, who at the time was planning to establish a colony on the pacific
northwest coast, the United States felt that it was a strategic military
position, and if ever at war with Russia, it would pose as a threat. The second
was that several European nations were planing to help Spain recover some of
it's ?New World' colonies which had declared independence. The United States saw
this as a threat as well. For these reasons, Monroe made an statements to
various nations.

"One statement warned Russia that the American continents were ?not to be
considered as subjects for future colonization by any European power." A second
warned France, Russia, Prussia, and Austria that any attempt to extend their ?
system to any portion of this hemisphere' would be considered ?dangerous to our
peace and safety' and any attempt to control independent American governments an
unfriendly act toward the United States."1

With these and other statements, John Quincy Adams drew up the Monroe Doctrine,
and Congress voted and passed it.
The Monroe Doctrine was stressed during the time of Roosevelt's
Presidency. During this era many foreign policies were given up, such as the
Platt Amendment. Roosevelt decided that instead of the "Old single-handed
enforcement of the Monroe Doctrine,"2 that they should rely only on the other
American nations for the enforcement of their laws. Along with this Roosevelt
showed very little signs of strength towards foreign countries. When Cuba was
full of riots under the leadership of Machado, Roosevelt did nothing. In 1934
America gave up the Platt Amendment, and removed the marines from Haiti.
The Vietnam War was one of the most influential wars in American History.
The United States did not actually lose, but ending with a cease fire was
considered a loss. When all of the troops returned they were looked upon by the
American public scornfully. This caused both the troops and the American
citizens to dislike the government. Many riots took place and many public
displays happened.

"in response to a drive by the North Vietnamese forces into the South, President
Richard M. Nixon ordered the mining of harbors off North Vietnam. Both the
bombing ant the mining provoked sustained antiwar protests within the United
States."3

For many years the United States government was very uneasy about getting into
any heavy conflicts with other nations, for fear that it may turn into another
Vietnam. Resent towards the governments decision is still around, but it is
dissipating fast, mostly because of all of the good things that the United
States has done.
All of this has changed since that time. United States foreign policy is
one of the most complicated problems that has arisen. With the two World Wars,
United States foreign policy was used greatly to secure a peace for Europe. With
the first World War, America's entrance was a decision of President Wilson's
when he asked congress if they could declare war, stating:

"The World must be made safe for democracy."4

The entry of the United States into World War II was an event that will
be remembered