Turner Syndrome

Turner syndrome is a chromosomal condition that describes girls and women with common features that are caused by complete or partial absence of the second sex chromosome. This syndrome was named after Dr. Henry Turner, who was among the first to describe it features in the 1930s. It occurs in appromiately 1 in 2,000 live female birhts and in as many as 10 percent if all miscarriages.

Its diagnosed through a test called a karyotype, performed in cells in the amniotic fluid before birth and on the cells in the blood after birth. The people that?s affected by TS is usually missing all or part of their sex chromosomes. Half of the girls have only have one X chromosome.

What are the primary characteristics of Turner Syndrome?
The most common feature of TS is the child will be short. The average height is about 4?8. Growth failure continues after birth and most girls fall below the normal female growth.

Some physical features would be a the roof of their mouth is very high arched.
Low set ears
Low hairline
Lazy eyes
Broad chest
Flat feet
Small, narrow fingernails and toenails that turn up
They are very intelligent

Some of the risks are with their heart. They are at high risk for high blood pressure. They will have sharp pains, stabbing, tearing, or ripping chest pains. Intense anxiety, rapid pulse, profuse sweating, nausea, dizziness, fainting, or shortness in breathing.

there is treatment for it. There is growth hormone therapy where they use a FDA approved drug used to increase the growth rate. They will give them anabolic steroids. Its been recorded that through this therapy 2 to 6 inches has been gained in height. This treatment is ended when the patient has reached a satisfactory height or if the growth continuse to be very slow.
They also are affected by hearing loss, cuased by fluid behind the eardrums. They can get tubes put in their ears. But the conductive hearing loss will completely resolve when the fluid disappears.