Violent Offenders Are Born, Not Made
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Research summary and critique
Connor, S. 1995. Do your genes make you a criminal?. [online] The Independent. Available at: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/do-your-genes-make-you-a-criminal-1572714.html [Accessed 16 Jul. 2016].
In this article, the author Steve Connor argues some people are born killers or violent. Further, he argues that violence behavior is not something that an individual learns through his upbringing, but rather a character that an individual is born with. In this article, the author contrasts the argument of most of the authors that violence behavior is because of poor upbringing and especially violence during the early years of the child growth. In presenting the arguments, the author provides the case of STEPHEN "Tony" Mobley, an American seasonal killer and robber. According to his lawyer, Mobley possessed all the characteristics of natural born killer (Connor 1995). The lawyer further claimed that Mobley's upbringing was straight and was not a contributing factor to his violent behavior. Mobley came from a prosperous, white, middle-class American family and he was never a victim of mistreatment or abuse while growing up. However, when he grew up, he became increasingly violent and by the time, he reached 25 years he had committed various crimes. The notable crime that he committed is when he entered into a pizza store and shot the manager recklessly on the neck, robbed the till and jokingly said that he will apply for the position of the manager. Joyce Childers, Mobley's aunt was the chief witness for the defense and she argued that their family had a history of violence. Joyce Childers further held that the last four generations were inexplicably violent, aggressive, as well as criminal even though most of them calmed during the middle age. The strength of this article is that it is strongly founded on a real case. All the points made by the author are highly convincing because they are derived from a case of natural criminal. The past four generations of the family have been violent and this reflects that violent behavior is not made rather it is born.
Morrison, W., 2014. Theoretical criminology from modernity to post-modernism . Routledge.

In this book, Morrison includes many studies that try to identify the main cause of crimes within the society. Even though some of the studies argue that environment is the leading factor leading to development of crimes in the society, some of the scholars have majored on hereditary causes of crimes. From the study, there are many cases whereby there is a history of crime. Most of the studies have shown that it is difficult to find a single criminal in the family generations. Most of the criminals come from families that have had another criminal before or that has a history of producing violent people. For instance, Lombroso argues that research shows that most of the crimes come from families that have criminal history (Morrison 2014 , pp. 18) . Most of the families comprise of people with similar characters because of gene transfer from one generation to another . In the book, Morrison has pointed out many cases of many individual criminals who come from families that have a history of crime. Most of the criminals tend to be involved in the same crime that has line in their families . For example, there has been cases whereby same families or generations of the same family produces the same type of criminals. For example, Morrison has provided cases whereby one family produces killers but in different generations. One of the strengths of this book is that it gives facts based on true cases of families that have had ge nerational violent individuals. After reading the book, I feel that the author has made convincing arguments. The arguments made by the clients are based on research and analysis of various situations. The book is not showing any form of biasness because it has provided cases from di fferent races around the globe. The author should improve the book by ensuring that every case is discussed exclusively.
Amdur , R.L., Davidson, W.S., Mitchell, C.M. and Redner , R., 2013. Alternative treatments for troubled youth: The case of diversion from the justice